PASCHALL, ELIZA K.
Eliza K. Paschall papers, 1860-1990
Eliza K. Paschall papers, 1860-1990
Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library
Atlanta, GA 30322
Permanent link: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/8zr69
Table of Contents
|Creator:||Paschall, Eliza K.|
|Title:||Eliza K. Paschall papers, 1860-1990|
|Call Number:||Manuscript Collection No. 532|
|Extent:||46.25 linear ft. (94 boxes), 5 oversized papers (OP) 3 bound volumes (BV) and 1 oversized bound volume (OBV)|
|Abstract:||Papers of Georgia author and activist Eliza K. Paschall including professional files, subject files, personal and family papers, printed material, photographs and audiovisual material.|
|Language:||Materials entirely in English.|
Restrictions on Access
Terms Governing Use and Reproduction
All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.
Gift, 1973, with subsequent additions.
Processed by Laura Carroll and Michael Hessel-Mial, 2011.
Eliza King Paschall, author and activist, was born October 5, 1917, in Adams Run (Charleston County), South Carolina. During World War II, Paschall served with the American Red Cross Clubmobile, mobile units of volunteers providing refreshments and recreation to Allied soldiers across Europe. She married Walter Goode Paschall (1910-1959), a prominent Atlanta journalist, in 1945. She was active in civic, interracial, and women's organizations in which she held several offices including executive director of the Greater Atlanta Council on Human Relations (1961-1967), president of the Georgia League of Women Voters (1955-1957), and national secretary of the National Organization of Women. Paschall was also a compliance officer on the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1966-1984) and author of It Must Have Rained (1974), which concerned civil rights in Atlanta, Georgia. In the 1970s Paschall was involved in feminist organizations like the Georgia Commission on the Status of Women and International Women's year, and wrote the employment handbook Because of Sex: A Handbook on Sex Discrimination in Employment. During this time, Paschall, experienced considerable conflict with others in the women's movement over the direction it should take. In 1978, after having initially supported the Equal Rights Amendment, Paschall decided she could no longer justify its ratification and campaigned extensively against it. Paschall collaborated with Phyllis Schlafly and other family values activists to oppose the Equal Rights Amendment and was instrumental in its failure to gain ratification by the 1982 deadline. In 1984 Paschall took a position in the Ronald Reagan Administration as Associate Director of Public Liaison, retiring in 1985. Paschall died February 3, 1990 in Southport, England.
Scope and Content Note
The collection consists of the papers of Eliza K. Paschall from 1860-1990. The papers include professional files, subject files, personal and family papers, printed material, photographs and audiovisual material.
Professional files contain correspondence, reports, meeting minutes and subject files relating to Paschall's work with the human relations commissions in Atlanta, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, the Reagan Administration and the United States Information Service Ampart Program. Subject files contain reference material for a variety of causes and organizations with which Paschall was involved, especially the Equal Rights Amendment, the National Organization for Women, the Georgia Commission on the Status of Women, and International Women's Year.
Personal and family papers include Paschall's correspondence, scrapbooks and other personal effects, as well as the writings of Paschall's husband Walter, a prominent Atlanta journalist. Eliza Paschall's writings contain essays and book-length works on feminism, civil rights and personal concerns, as well as creative works and a diary of her experiences in the American Red Cross Clubmobile. Printed material consists of articles written by and about Paschall. Photographs include portraits and photographs of Paschall with family members and others. Audiovisual material consists of an audio cassette of anti-ERA advertisements recorded in Florida.
Organized into seven series: (1) Professional files, (2) Subject files, (3) Personal and family papers, (4) Writings, (5) Printed material, (6) Photographs and (7) Audiovisual material.
- Atlanta Community Relations Commission.
- American Red Cross. Clubmobile Service.
- Georgia Council on Human Relations.
- League of Women Voters of Georgia.
- National Organization for Women.
- United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
- Georgia. Governor's Commission on the Status of Women.
- United States Information Service.
- Discrimination in employment--Law and legislation--United States.
- Equal rights amendments--United States.
- Feminism--United States.
- International Women's Year, 1975.
- Women civil rights workers.
- Women's rights--United States.
- Civil rights--Georgia.
- Sex discrimination.
- Women authors.
- Women political activists--Georgia.
- Series 1: Professional files, 1958-1989
- Series 2: Subject files, 1933-1987
- Series 3: Personal and family papers, 1860-1988
- Series 4: Writings, 1932-1988
- Series 5: Printed material, 1934-1990
- Series 6: Photographs, 1930-1980s
- Series 7: Audiovisual, 1982