John Daniel Martin Jr. papers, 1930-1982, undated

Emory University

Historical Collections

Woodruff Health Sciences Center Library

1462 Clifton Road, NE

Atlanta, GA 30322


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Descriptive Summary

Creator: Martin, John Daniel, 1903-1991.
Title: John Daniel Martin Jr. papers, 1930-1982, undated
Call Number:Manuscript Collection No. 004
Extent: 0.42 linear ft. (1 box)
Abstract:Contains the personal and official papers of John D. Martin, Jr. while he served in the 43rd General Hospital during World War II.
Language:Materials entirely in English.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Unrestricted access.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.

Related Materials in This Repository

Emory Unit Collection, HS-S015; Emory Health Sciences Center Library Biographical Files, HS-S022.


[after identification of item(s)], John Daniel Martin Jr. Papers, Historical Collections, Woodruff Health Sciences Center Library, Emory University.


Processed by Clayton McGahee, 2014.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Born in Athens, Georgia in 1903, John Daniel Martin Jr. graduated from the Emory School of Medicine in 1926 and completed his postgraduate work at the University of Vienna in 1929. Following his educational years, Dr. Martin returned to the Emory community where he became an instructor of surgery in 1931, eventually becoming an Assistant Professor of Clinical Surgery in 1938. After the entry of the United States into World War II, Dr. Martin and many of his Emory colleagues joined the 43rd General Hospital, a medical regiment also known as the Emory Unit. He served as Lieutenant Colonel and Associate Chief of Surgery of the 43rd General Hospital.

John Daniel Martin Jr. published over 150 medical papers during his career, and was the author of The History of Surgery at Emory University School of Medicine. He was also on the editorial committee for the book The 43rd General Hospital - World War II, The Emory University Unit. Dr. Martin was the Chief of Surgery at Emory University and also served as the former president of the Fulton County Medical Society, the Southern Surgical Association, and the Emory medical alumni.

Dr. Martin died in 1991 at the age of 88.

Scope and Content Note

The John Daniel Martin Jr. Papers consists of papers from his time as Lieutenant Colonel and Associate Chief of Surgery of the 43rd General Hospital during World War II. These papers include articles, material from a chest trauma study that focused on injuries sustained during the war, surgery reports including those performed on German POWs in 1945, and other military files related to the 43rd General Hospital. Also included are diary excepts from Dr. Martin's journal which he kept during the war, and one photocopied letter from an Allied soldier thanking Dr. Martin for saving his life.

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Container List

Official Papers
Box Folder Content
1 1 Army extension courses, 1932-1935
1 2 Article: "War Wounds of the Chest," typescript with correspondence, 1945
1 3 Article: "Pulsating Hematoma," typescript with correspondence, 1945
1 4 Card files of German POWs treated by the Emory Unit, 1945
1 5 Certificate of appointment to military service, 1930 September 6
1 6 Hospital regulations, 1943 November 13
1 7 Material from chest trauma study (1 of 2), 1944-1945
1 8 Material from chest trauma study (2 of 2), undated
1 9 Military orders, 1943-1944
1 10 North African Theater of Operations, circular letters, 1943-1944
1 11 Pay allotments, 1942-1945
1 12 Personnel file, 1942-1945
1 13 Photographs of chest trauma, undated
1 14 Reports of the 43rd General Hospital to the Surgeon General, U. S. Army, 1944-1945, 1982
1 15 Surgery reports on German POWs, 1944-1945
1 16 Surgical service monthly reports, 1944
1 17 43rd General Hospital files, 1944
Personal Papers
1 18 Correspondence, 1945 April 11
1 19 Diary excerpts, undated