Civil War collection > Union (bulk 1860-1865) > Union documents (bulk 1860-1865)

Subseries 2.1
Union documents, 1776-1917 (bulk 1860-1865)

Scope and Content Note

The subseries consists of materials created by soldiers and citizens of the Union states during the American Civil War. While the majority of the material dates from 1860-1865, some letters and reminiscences are dated before and after the Civil War. For instance, the McKinney family letters include Civil War letters but are bound with other family letters dating from 1776-1902. The letters and diaries written by Union soldiers provide rich description of many aspects of the Civil War, including the Atlanta Campaign, Andersonville Prison, the Siege of Petersburg, Virginia, First Battle of Bull Run, and the Siege of Mobile, Alabama. Of particular interest are records from several regiments of United State Colored Troops which document African American participation in the Civil War.

Arrangement Note

Arranged in alphabetical order.

Box Folder Content
OP28 1 7th Regiment Amusement Association, Fort Federal Hill, Baltimore, Maryland, entertainment flyer, July 19, 1862
19 1 Ammell, Daniel; letter from Ammell (Fort Royal, South Carolina) to Dr. Arnold, January 28, 1865, 1 item.
19 2 Bailey, A.F.; Bailey family letters, 1862-1865; 5 items. Letters of the Bailey family of Newbury, Vermont, February 6, 1862-February 20, 1865. Three letters were written by A.F. Bailey to his parents; two of these originated from Brandy Station (1862, 1864), one from Virginia (1864). Another letter, written by Austin A. Bailey, is dated 1862. The final letter was written to Charles Bailey by Thomas F. Kelley (1865). Apparently, A.F. is Charles Bailey's son, who served in a regiment of the Vermont brigade. Austin Bailey served in the 1st Vermont Cavalry and seems to have been Charles' brother. The letters are concerned with troop movements, food, weather, morale, and tent mates. A.F.'s letter from Virginia refers to a battle, possible Spotsylvania. Kelley's letter alerts Charles Bailey to the death of his son.
19 3 Barr, Wolcott S.; letters, 1863; 4 items.
19 4 Beuham, Henry Washington (1813-1884); letter from Beuham to Mrs. Townsend, [Washington?], January 26, [186?]; 1 item.
19 5 Bingham, Henry Harrison (1841-1912); letter from Bingham (Washington) to Mrs. Olive Logan, January 23, 1897; 1 item.
19 6 Blair, Robert F.; typescript of letter from Blair (Union soldier, Camp Curtain, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania) to "Dear Rife," Sunday, December 22, 1861; 1 item.
19 7 Blood. A.C.; typescript of letter from Blood (Danville, Mississippi) to "Friend Capt. Van Meter," October 1, 1862; 1 item. A.C. Blood served in 19th Iowa Infantry Regiment, Company D.
OP28 1 Boston Museum, Massachusetts, entertainment flyer, April 29, 1864
19 8-9 Boutell, Henry S.; papers of Boutell, including a diary dated January 1-May 30, 1865; during this time he was a Lieutenant in the 4th Michigan Cavalry, Company C, one of General J. H. Wilson's raiders from Nashville to Georgia; he was present at the capture of Jefferson Davis and was wounded there. Also includes a letter from "Henrietta" to "Friend Boutell," Lansing Michigan, November 5, 1876; and 1 letter from the noncommissioned officers and privates of 4th Michigan Cavalry, Company B to Sergeant Henry S. Boutell, March 5, 1864; 1 letter giving a personal history of Henry S. Boutell. Includes photocopies of material. [See also Series 2: Memorabilia, Boutell, Henry]
19 10 Bullock, Rufus Brown (1834-1907); letter from Bullock (Atlanta, Georgia) to Ben W. Austin, November 15, 1886, 2 cut signatures; 1 item.
19 11 Butler, Benjamin Franklin (1818-1893); letter from Butler to Dr. George Luckley, Lowell [?], May 28, 1866; Butler was the Union commander of the Department and Army of the Gulf in 1862, and the Army of the James in 1864; 1 item.
23 4 Citizens of the Town of German Flatts, "Last Chance to Avoid the Draft," war meeting notice, Osgood's Hall, Ilion, New York, August 31, 1864
19 12 Civilian letters; 1862-1863, 5 items. Includes letters written by civilians. Among them is a letter of petition "To the Commander of the U. S. Forces at Union City [Tennessee]" for the release from service of William A. Finch, December 1863. Also includes a letter from Belle A. Rowe (Rausch Gap, Pennsylvania.) to 'Friend Frank", a soldier in the Union Army; February 18, 1863. Mentions a company from Jonestown of which he says, "the whole company run off, they were frightened so much when they were drawn up in line of battle."
19 13 Clayton, Powell (1833-1914); Letter from Clayton to James Gardner, Jr.; Washington, February 10, 1860; 1 item.
19 14 Clifton, William B.; letter from Clifton (near Atlanta, Georgia) to Woodford Stone, August 4, 1864; 1 item. William B. Clifton was the great uncle of the donor; Woodford Stone, who was a brother-in-law of William B. Clifton, was the donor's grandfather and his wife, Susan C. Clifton Stone, the "Sueasy" mentioned in the letter was William's sister. The letter describes in some detail the military operations near Marietta and Atlanta.
19 15 Cockrell, Francis Marion (1834-1915); letter from Cockrell [Washington], to L. Dalton, February 23, 1882; 1 item.
MF3 2 Cohn, Jacob; microfilm copy of small bound volume, less than half of which contains writing, used as a notebook and diary by Jacob Cohn, who was a member of Company A, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, 1863-1864. Although this regiment served throughout the war, Cohn's diary has entries only between April 15 and June 18, 1864, beginning at South Branch and continuing through Cumberland, Maryland to Martinsburg and Woodstock. He mentions the Battles of New Market and Piedmont, Virginia. His regiment then went to Staunton, Lexington and in the last entry he describes the fight at Lynchburg, Virginia. At the front of the book, dated June 1 - September 28, 1863, are lists of items which, apparently, were sold. In the back is a list of the wounded and killed at New Market and Piedmont.
19 16 Crewell, John H.; letters from Crewell (both from Camp Jackson, Montgomery County, Maryland) to his father, 1861; 2 items. Crewell served in the 34th New York Infantry Regiment, Company F.
19 17 Curtis, George C.; two letters (January 26, 1863 and April 23, [no year given]) from Curtis, to his father. Curtis' regiment, the identify of which is not given, was with the Army of the Potomac near Fredericksburg in 1863. His letter of January 26 mentions Burnside's "Mud March" and the soldiers' opinion of Burnside, Hooker, and McClellan. The letter of April 23 was written from Harewood Hospital, Washington, D.C. and is a brief note to inform his father of his location.
19 18 Curtis, William H.; letters, 1862-1865, from Curtis to his father, also 1 pre-Civil War letter, June 8, 1862; Spring Grove, Iowa; to his father; 2 items.
19 19 De Kay, Drake; pass signed by De Kay and issued to Captain Thorn, Washington, D.C., July 1, 1861
19 20 English, John W.; typescript of a diary, containing letters, written by English, a 1st Sergeant in the Veteran Reserve Corps stationed at Evansville, Indiana. The Veteran Reserve Corps was made up of severely wounded men waiting for discharge. The diary extends from April 1864 through his discharge in October of that year. He speaks of the social activities in and around the camp, war news, general morale conditions, and the practice of "Trafficing in Negroes." The letters are written to his wife Susan at their home in St. Johns, Ohio.
19 21 Everett, Edward (1794-1865); letter from Everett to Mrs. Sarah L. Walden, Boston, January 11, 1862; also envelope addressed to Mrs. Walden; 1 item. Edward Everett was an orator and statesman from Massachusetts.
19 22 Eyles, William H.; [William H.]; 24-page letter from Eyles (Virginia), "to my friends in Newark," March 21, 1862. Eyles probably served in company H of the 2nd New Jersey Infantry Regiment. Although the 2nd Bull Run Campaign did not begin until June 1862, Eyles and his company are already in the area of Fairfax Court House and Bull Run. Hoping to see the site of the 1st Battle of Bull Run which took place in July 1861, Eyles and a companion leave their company briefly near Fairfax Court House and tour the area around Manassas Junction, Bull Run, and Centreville. Eyles describes the often desolate scene and relates reminiscences of those involved in that earlier battle. Eyles also gives information about troop movements and skirmishes in the area as well as about General Philip Kearny, who would be killed September 1, 1862 at Chantilly (Ox Hill) in the 2nd Bull Run Campaign.
19 23 Floyd, William L.; letter from Floyd (Folly Island, near Charleston) to Rufus Heywood, August 31, 1863; 1 item. Floyd was chaplain of the 112th New York Infantry Regiment; the letter informs Heywood of the death of Corporal Frank Bullock.
19 24 Forbes, A.; typescript of letter from Forbes (Farmington, Van Buren County, Iowa) to his son, Belvin, December 9, 1863, discusses politics and economic problems of the period; 1 item.
19 25 Foster, Robert S.; typescript letters from Foster to (1) "Dear Sister" (Miss Ellen Foster); "At the Hospitable", October 6, 1864; (2) Camp of the 100th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry (PVI), near Petersburg, Virginia, January 26, 1865; and (3) Camp 100th Regiment PVI., February 8, 1865; 3 items. Foster served in the 100th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, Company D.
19 26 Frazee, John N.; 150th Ohio Infantry Regiment, order for drill, Fort Bunker Hill, June 10, 1864; 1 item.
19 27 Gammon, Charles D.; typescript of 11-page diary of Private Gammon, 1st Illinois Light Artillery Regiment, Company M, May 3-September 7, 1864, from Red Clay, near Cleveland, Georgia. Very brief day to day account of time of moving from one position to another, of amount of firing and by whom, names of killed and wounded, number of "rounds" fired, various actions of both sides, such as building of fortifications and bridges, foraging activities, and state of the weather.
19 28 Garfield, Lucretia (Rudolph) (1832-1918); letter from Garfield (Cleveland, Ohio) to Miss Rachel Jeanne Philbrick, April 14, 1882, also the envelope; 1 item.
MF4 Girdner, Ephraim L. (1840-1915); microfilm copy of papers, 1861-1865, 297 items. Ephraim L. Girdner of Greenville, Indiana, enlisted in the Union Army on August 8, 1862. He was appointed 1st Sergeant of the newly organized Company H of the 66th Indiana Infantry Regiment. The materials include 163 letters, all written during the Civil War (April 2, 1863-June 9, 1865): 122 by Ephraim L. Girdner of Greenville, Indiana to his fiancée, Mary A. Murphy (Mollie); the remaining 41 by Mollie to Ephraim. Included also are: 26 family photographs; 1 typewritten chart indicating the Girdner family genealogy; 12 Confederate bills of various denominations; detached scripts of 3 poems (written by Mollie[?]; 2 without headings, 1 headed Greenville, Indiana, January 10, 1861); an informal narrative history of the 66th Indiana Infantry Regiment (written by Girdner, undated and unsigned); 2 newspaper clippings (both unidentified); Confederate certificate of parole signed by Girdner as a prisoner of war (Richmond, Kentucky, September 2, 1862); materials relating to the Cincinnati, Ohio chapter of the Society of the Army of the Tennessee. Also includes 132 items of official Union army correspondence (general and specific field orders, official reports, notes, etc.). Letters of special interest are those containing Girdner's observations on: Negro troops and the Negro race in general (June 14, 1863, September 10, 1864, and January 17, 1865); the difficulty of recruiting volunteers (December 7, 1863); pillaging of the Southern countryside by "Yankey" soldiers (February 21, 1864); the importance of soldier railroad "guards" and repairmen (April 4., 1864 ); the Atlanta Campaign (June 17-September 9, 1864); misplaced Northern charity (January 24, 1865); the burning of Columbia, South Carolina (March 30, 1865); and contrasts between Sherman's Army and the "eastern boys" of the Army of the Potomac (May 7 and 10, 1865).
19 29 Gordon, J.J.; photocopies of letters from Gordon, probably in Captain Lyon's company, written to his wife, Jane, (1) December 2, 1861, from Fortress Monroe, Virginia, and (2) February 15, 1862 from Port Royal, South Carolina; 2 items.
23 15 Grand Army of the Republic, printed material relating to the Captain Thomas Espy Post No. 153 (Carnegie, Pennsylvania), including memorial service programs, 1893-1905
19 30 Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822-1885); official copies of two telegrams from Grant to Major General P. H. Sheridan, informing him of the Act of Congress "to provide for the more efficient government of the rebel states" and directing him to preserve order and enforce the law in New Orleans; both sent from Washington, March 9, 1867 and a printed copy of Army General Orders No. 10, March 11, 1867, quoting the act of Congress; 3 items.
19 31 Gue, Benjamin F.; photocopy of "The Story of Andersonville," as told by ex-lieutenant governor, Benjamin F. Gue, published in the Iowa State Register, 1884; 1 item.
19 32 Hart, Henry W., (b.1832); photocopies and typed transcripts of Civil War letters written by Henry W. Hart (b. February 10, 1832) to his wife Margaret Elizabeth Black Hart; 1863-1865; 47 items. Henry and "Lizzie" Hart were married October 14, 1862. Hart enlisted in the 2nd Connecticut Light Battery, in that same year, serving in the Union Army until his battery was mustered out August 9, 1865 and he was discharged August 10, 1865. He comments on such aspects of daily life in the army as food shortages, lack of pay, disease, and interest in religion. He tells also of various battles and campaigns and gives news of friends from home. Hart discusses the Battle of Gettysburg and its aftermath; army life in and around New Orleans, the Battle of Mobile Bay, 1864, a campaign to the White River in Arkansas and back to Kennerville, Louisiana, the Siege of Mobile, 1865, an expedition to Selma, Alabama, and his plans for his return home. There are also 4 letters photocopies of letters explaining the origin of this Civil War correspondence.
19 33 Haskell, W.W.; letter from Haskell (Camp Gregg) to Madam Goettle, March 23, 1863; 1 item. Haskell, who served in the 12th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment, Company K, discusses the death of Madam Goettle's son.
19 34 Hickey, Andrew; typescript of letter from Hickey (Jackson, Tennessee), 1st Lieutenant, 3rd Michigan Cavalry, Company I, January 19, 1863 to his father; 1 item.
19 35 Hiles, Isaac; photocopies of letters, November 18, 1853-December 22, 1917, from Hiles, a member of the 20th Iowa Infantry Regiment, Company I, to his sister Mrs. Almira Hiles Frazee and her husband John, and to other members of his family; 19 items. Hiles was in the battle of Province Grove, Arkansas, December 7, 1862, and in the siege of Vicksburg. His letters describe the privations and suffering of war. Four letters, 1853-1857, are personal letters from friends to Miss Almira Hiles giving information on acquaintances and local happenings. The Hiles settled in 1855 in Linn County, Iowa. There are three post-Civil War letters.
OP34 5 Hill, Richard M., appointment to Captain of thhe Ordnance Department, 1863 March 3

Signed by Abraham Lincoln

19 36 Hofflinger, Erastus; letters from Hofflinger, to his sister, from "Near Whight Oak Church, Virginia, April 6, 1863; "Near Tunsall Station, New Kent County, Virginia, June 12, 1864;" and from City Point, near Richmond, Virginia, June 20, 1864; 3 items. Hofflinger was a member of the 23rd New Jersey Infantry Regiment, Company D.
19 37 Holt, Joseph; letter from Holt (Washington, D.C.) to L.S. Bell, January 14, 1861; 1 item.
19 38 Horbelt, John E.; typescript of letter from Horbelt (Fort Marshall, Baltimore, Maryland) to his wife, June 26, 1863; 1 item. Horbelt served in the Company C of the 5th New York Infantry Regiment. Accompanying the letter is a newspaper clipping of a photograph of Horbelt's battery in the field.
23 16 Ives, B.I. (Reverend), war meeting notice, "Stand by the Old Flag," Osgood's Hall, Ilion, New York, October 5, 1864
19 39 Johnson, Oliver S.; commission as 1st Lieutenant, 8th New Jersey Infantry Regiment, Company C, Oliver S. Johnson, by Chas. S. Olden, Governor of New Jersey; September 27, 1861; 1 item.
19 40 Jones, Lewis J.; letters, 1862-1864; 14 items; Jones' home was in Morgan County, Tennessee; most of the letters are from Jones to his wife, two are from her to him, and one is to Jones from his father
19 41 Kanavel, George; photocopy of letter from Kanavel (Jacinto, Mississippi) to his brother, Henry, September 27, 1863; 1 item. Kanavel describes conditions of his encampment located near Jacinto, Mississippi. Kanavel served in the 80th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Company F.
23 35 Kimball, Gardner A. (Corporal), discharge letter, Company 1, 1st Massachusetts Volunteers, 1864

Kimball was discharged in order to join the U.S. Colored Troops. Kimball was a 23 year old clerk from Boston when he enlisted in Company 1, Massachusetts 1st Infantry Regiment on May 24, 1861. He was promotoed to Full 2nd Lieutenant on January 26, 1864 and was mustered out on January 14, 1864. He was commissioned as an officer in Company F, U.S. Colored Troops 35th Infantry Regiment on January 26, 1864 and was promoted to Full 1st Lieutenant on June 17, 1865. He was wounded in action and was finally mustered out on June 1, 1866.

BV7 Kinsley, Eli C.; scrapbook kept by Kinsley while he was provost marshal and judge in Lafourche Parish, Louisiana, 1863; 1 bound volume. The items include official orders, circulars, letters, accounts, and clippings concerning army administration and the government of the freedmen. A large portion of the material is in manuscript. A few loose pieces relate to Kinsley's duties as Assistant Provost Marshal of Massachusetts at Vicksburg in 1864. Lafourche Parish, Louisiana; May 12, 1863-December 28, 1864
19 42 Lee, Alfred G.; Special Order No. 1 from the Office Commissary of Exemption, Springfield, Missouri, March 21, 1864. It gives instructions to stage drivers not to convey any persons subject to military duty without written permission from that office, by order of Captain Alfred G. Lee.
19 43 Loomis, John S.; bill of sale given to R.E. Nelson from Loomis, Assistant Special Agent, for articles bought at a sale of captured and abandoned Confederate property, September 20, 1865. Written on Confederate paper, signed by John S. Loomis.
19 44 Lowe, Enoch Louis (1820-1892); letter from Lowe (Annapolis, Maryland) to Jervis Spencer, August 27, 1857; 1 item.
19 45 Marcellus, [unknown last name]; typescript and photocopy of a letter and envelope written by Marcellus (West Troy, New York) to Miss Anna Clark (West Troy, New York). The letter, "No. 40," was written from Collierville, Tennessee on December 5, 1862 and postmarked in Memphis on December 9 1862. Marcellus was a Union soldier whose company was involved in campaigns in Mississippi in the fall of 1862. Besides relating incidents of camp life and details of troop movements, he seems to be describing specifically skirmishing that took place around Rienzi, Booneville, and Jacinto, Mississippi in early September 1862 and around Iuka and Peyton's Mill, Mississippi September 18-20, 1862. (Explanatory correspondence is filed in Union Miscellany, no. 99, with letters of Henry W. Hart).
23 20 Marshall, Michael, letters and tintype, 1860-1863. Marshall was a soldier in the United States Army, 17th Infantry Regiment, Company A. The letters are to his mother Mary Marshall and his sister Margaret Marshall. They mainly describe his experiences in the Petersburg Campaign in Virginia. Marshall died in the Battle of Weldons Railroad in 1863.
OP9 1 Marshall, Michael, letters, April-December 1862
19 46 Martin, A.M.; letter (typed photocopy) from Martin (Sedalia, Missouri) to "Dear Coz," September 27, 1864; Martin discusses life in Missouri during the war and the negroes who have been freed there
MF3 3 McEathron, Alexander; microfilm copy of letters and diary of Alexander McEathron (d. 1890), of Lena, Illinois. He served in Company G, 15th Illinois Infantry Regiment. Included is a roster of the company and a letter written in 1938 by a son of Stephen McEathron (Alexander's brother) which gives some of the family history. The material is in the form of a printed booklet, apparently prepared by and printed for someone in the McEathron family. There are 23 letters, dated October 26, 1861-August 30, 1863. The diary entries begin April 15, 1861 with McEathron's enlistment in the army and ends on June 7, 1863. The letters were written from points in Missouri, Tennessee, and Mississippi, and are generally about conditions in the army, news of his comrades, and family business matters. Alexander and Stephen McEathron operated a store in Lena, Illinois.
20 1 McKinney, David; photocopies of letters from McKinney to his family, 1863-1865, and other family letters, 1776-1902. During the Civil War, David McKinney served as quartermaster of the 77th Illinois Infantry Regiment. Originals are in the Schoff Civil War Collection in the William L. Clements Library of the University of Michigan.
20 2 Merritt, Gideon; letter (photocopy of typescript) from Merritt (Alexandria, Virginia) to "Dear Cousin," June 17, 1864; Merritt, a soldier in the Pennsylvania Light Artillery Regiment, Battery H, mentions news of U.S. Grant and the Civil War.
20 3 Mesnard, Luther B.; photocopy of 1901 reminiscence of Luther B. Mesnard who enlisted with the 55th Ohio Infantry Regiment in September 1861.
20 4 Minard, Hernando E.; diary and account book, January 1, 1864- August 8, 1865, of Hernando E. Minard, an enlisted man in the 83rd Illinois Infantry Regiment, Company K. He tells of his duties in scouting, patrolling, foraging, and other mostly non-combatant activities. Much of the information given is in the nature of accounts dealing with buying and selling forage.
23 21 Moses, Raphael J., Jr., Attorney at Law, "Gold for Confederate Bonds," notice of purchase of coupon bonds on behalf of a client, 61 Wall Street, New York, October 22, 1881
20 5 Munns, James, Jr.; typescript copies of 10 letters and a diary, typed photocopies, 1857-1864; 11 items. The entries in the diary begin February 24, 1863 and end August 11, 1863. James Munns, Jr. was 1st Lieutenant, 29th Iowa Volunteer Infantry, Company D. Includes 1 letter to Joseph Lovejoy, Quincy, Iowa, March 13, 1865; 1 letter from Jos. A. Lovejoy, Nashville, Tennessee, March 26, 1865; 1 letter to Jos. Lovejoy, Quincy, Iowa, April. 16, 1865; 1 letter from Munns to Captain F. M. Davis, Helena, Arkansas, July 10, 1863; 1 letter from Munns to Captain F. M. Davis; Helena, Arkansas, March 11, 1864; 4 letters and a fragment of a 5th from Munns to his cousin, Cornelia Munns, New York, N. Y., November 27, 1857, Little Rock, Ark., December 8, 1863, January 27, 1864, May 16, 1864, Wellington, Ohio, November 22, 1864.
20 6 Packard, Nelson I.; photocopies of letters; 5 items. (1) Pass issued to Dr. I.F. Packard by Col. Wm. L. Stoughton, Provost Marshal's Office (Murfreesboro, Tennessee); February 12, 1863; (2) N. I. Packard, Assistant surgeon with 11th Michigan Infantry Regiment (Murfreesboro, Tennessee) to his mother, Emily M. (Mrs. I. F.) Packard (Sturgis, Michigan), February 13, 1863; (3) Colonel Wm. L. Stoughton, 11th Michigan Infantry Regiment (Murfreesboro) to Dr. Weeds, Medical Director, Department of the Cumberland; February 28, 1863, requests transportation to his home in Michigan for Dr. I. F. Packard (father of N. I. Packard) who had brought a large supply of sanitary stores to the regiment after the battle of Stone River; (4) Lizzie, probably Mrs. N. I. Packard (Murfreesboro) to her sister, Emma Church; May 19, 1863. Lizzie is visiting her husband at camp, which she describes; (5) N: I. Packard (Chattanooga, Tennessee) to father, Dr. I. F. Packard, December 1, 1863; mentions General Stoughton's gallantry at Missionary Ridge
20 7 Parker, F.H.; "Instructions from Lieut. Parker to be carried out while he is away"; Office Chief of Ordnance, Headquarters, Department of the Tennessee, Vicksburg, Mississippi, September 19, 1863; 1 item.
20 8 Peed, Washington Franklin (1837-1863);. photostat of 3-page letter from Peed (Helena, Arkansas) to his wife, Elizabeth, December 25, 1862; Peed was a private in the 24th Indiana Infantry Regiment, he died in the army hospital at Helena. His wife was the former Elizabeth Knight, they were married in 1859 and had two children. The second, Mary, was born December 14, 1862. She was the writer of the note at the top of the letter. Also a copy of a daguerreotype of Elizabeth Peed (1843-1904) and a typescript of a letter from Captain W. J. McKee (Helena, Arkansas), 33rd Missouri Infantry Regiment, Company D, May 20, 1863, to Columbus Peed (West Buena Vista, Indiana) explaining how he obtained the picture.
20 9 Pennington, George W. (1841-1864); photocopies of Civil War diary of Pennington, 141st Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment, Company K, August 1862-September 1864; diary ends four days before his death at Andersonville prison. In addition to the diary there are a large number of letters written to members of his family from August 1862-June 11, 1864. The letters give excellent insight into army life during the war.
20 10 Phillips, Wendell (1811-1884); note, cut for autograph, November 1, 1865; 1 item.
OP28 1 Phoenix Hall, entertainment flyer, May 10th, 1862.
20 11 Pierpont, Francis Harrison (1814-1899); letter from Pierpont (Wheeling, West Virginia) to Joseph M. Godwin and William Duff, September 19, 1861; 1 item.
20 12 Plummer, David R.; photocopies of letters, May 14-August 14, 1864 from Plummer of Monmouth, Maine, a private in the 32nd Maine Infantry Regiment; 11 items. Plummer's regiment participated in the siege of Petersburg in the summer of 1864, and his letters contain some comments on that operation. Most of the letters are to Plummer's wife Alura[?]. The last two letters inform Mrs. Plummer of her husband's death of typhoid fever and his burial in Alexandria, Virginia
20 13 Poore, Benjamin Perley; form commissioning Benjamin Perley Poore a captain in the militia, [Boston], July 26, 1849; Signed by George Nixon Briggs, Governor of Massachusetts (1844-1851)
20 14 Post, Philip Sidney (1833-1895); letter (typescript) from Post (Headquarters, 2nd Bridgade, 1st Division, 4th Army Corps, near Atlanta, Georgia) to Miss Mollie S. Post (no place), August 18, 1864; 1 item. Post describes conditions during the Atlanta Campaign.
20 15 Prichard, Elias J.; letters, written in Welsh, from Prichard to "Dear Brother and Sister," 1863-1864, 6 items. Prichard served in the band of the 22d Wisconsin Infantry Regiment. He was in the Atlanta Campaign, during which members of the band of his regiment were detailed to serve as nurses in the field hospital. Typescript copies of English translations of the letters accompany the originals.
20 16 Redington, H.V.; photocopies of letters from Redington (Camp White Oak Church, Virginia), October 26, 1862; January 1, 1863,and January 12, 1863, 3 items. Redington probably served in Company A of the 16th New York Infantry Regiment.
20 17 Reep, Rueben Beale (d. 1863); 5 letters (originals and typescripts) and 1 fragment from Reep, 105th Ohio Infantry Regiment, Company A. Reep entered service August 1862 and died in a field hospital, Cowan, Tennessee, July or August, 1863. His home was Youngstown, Ohio.
20 18 Richardson, George W.; photocopy of discharge papers of Private Richardson, 14th Kansas Cavalry Regiment, Company B; Fort Gibson, June 25, 1865; 1 item. Signed by Fred W. Schwartz, 1st Lieutenant, 2nd U. S. Cavalry
20 19 Robinson, Carman A.; letter from Robinson (Poughkeepsie, New York) to Miss Southworth (Memphis, Tennessee), January 13, 1866. Robinson, as a Union soldier, had been befriended by Miss Southworth during the Civil War just ended. He asks her to help him find employment in Memphis
MF3 1 Roesfel, R.H.F.; microfilm copy of diary, 1862-1863; small notebook of 67 pages used as a diary by R.H.F. Roesfel, member of Company A, 153rd Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. Roesfel mentions that he bought the notebook May 31, 1863; since the diary begins on the day of his enlistment at Bethlehem, Penn. on Sept. 13, 1862, he evidently wrote the first part of the diary from memory or notes. The diary ends abruptly on July 7, 1863, later entries apparently being lost. The early entries describe camp life in northern Virginia, particularly around Fredericksburg. On November 7, 1862 he went to see the second Bull Run battlefield and in December 1862 he became ill. On February 2, 1863, he was hospitalized at the Lincoln General Hospital in Washington; recovering, he returned to his regiment in Virginia, February 28, 1863. The first of July 1863, he was sent to Pennsylvania, marching with his company to Gettysburg where is he was wounded in the arm, becoming a captive of the Confederates for a while. A few days later he is taken to Baltimore and then to Philadelphia, which is the last entry given.
20 20 Scott, James M.; photocopies and typescripts of papers, 1863-1865, 5 items. General Orders No. 7, Office of the Signal Officer, Washington, D. C., May 25, 1863, Photostat copy, 3 p., lists of abbreviations contained in the General Order, signed by Capt. Scott; Photostat of a letter from Scott. to his wife, Goldsboro, North Carolina[?], April 17, 1865; Photostat of the envelope; a typed copy and a carbon copy of the same letter. James M. Scott served in the 80th regiment of the Ohio Infantry
23 25 Scott, Lt., New York Battery; Special Orders No. 131, detailing Lieutenant Scott as Assistant Provost Marshall to the Provost Marshall of Casey's Division, by order of Brigadier General Silas Casey, May 11, 1862. Days later, during the battle of Seven Pines, the division suffered enormous casualties.
20 21 Shanklin, Ann and Margaret Shanklin; letters to the Misses Shanklin, 1862-1863; 4 items.
20 22 Sherman, William Tecumseh; collection, 1865, 4 items. Photocopies of (1) Sherman's address to his army, May 30, 1865; (2) Reuben Williams, Brevet Brigadier General United States of America, address to soldiers under his command, June 19, 1865; (3) "Logan and the Fifteenth Army Corps," a song by Captain R. W. Burt, 76th Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry; and (4) Diary of John W. Fisher, P.M., 4th Division, 15th Army Corps, United States of America.
20 23 Sickel, Horatio Gates (1817-1890); letter from Colonel Sickel (near Bell Plain, Virginia) to General George A. McCall, December 31, 1862; 3 items. Accompanying the letter are two copies of a statement signed by officers of McCall's division in answer to unfavorable charges by General Hooker concerning their part in the battle of Glendale, on June 30, 1862.
20 24 Slagle, Bear; photocopy of letter from Slagle (Atlanta, Georgia) to "Dear Uncle," September 12, 1864; Slagle talks of the Atlanta Campaign and the working of the draft; 1 item.
20 25 Smith, T.S.; letter from Smith (Treasury Department, First Auditor's Office [Washington], to John Shulock (Savannah, Georgia), November 15, 1869; 1 item.
23 26 Smith, William B., Mayor, City of Philadelphia, Notice to the Honorable Select and Common Councils of the City of Philadelphia in the event of the death of Ulysses S. Grant, July 23, 1885.
20 26 Stephenson, J.H.; letter from Stephenson (Boston, Massachusetts) to John A. Andrew, Governor of Massachusetts, April 1, 1864; J.H. Stephenson was a recruiting officer; 1 item.
23 30 Stibbs, John Howard (1840-1916), printed material relating to appearances of General Stibbs, 1884-1912
20 27 Stone, John H.; oath and appointment of Stone to the office of second lieutenant in the 12th Kentucky Cavalry Regiment, Company A. Signed by R.T. Garnett, June 6, 1863; 1 item.
20 28 Strawn, Benjamin; typescript of letter (with some biographical information furnished by the donor) from Strawn (General Barracks, U. S. Hospital, New Orleans, Louisiana) to his mother, Sarah Strawn; September 18, 1863; 1 item.
20 29 Strawn, Isaiah W. (1834-1863); transcript of letter from Strawn, undated; 1 item. Strawn was born in Salem, Ohio, and served in the 101st Illinois Volunteer Infantry, Company I.
20 30 Taylor, Peter; typescript of diary of Taylor, Seaman on Blockading Vessel, USS Princess Royal, Texas coastal waters, January 1-August 11, 1865, 1 item.
20 31 Tousey, Sinclair (1818-1887); letter from Tousey (New York) to B.J. Lossing, September 22, 1863; 1 item.
20 33 Townsend, Henry; photocopy of letter from Townsend, (Headquarters, 3rd Brigade, Near Atlanta, Georgia), to "Friend Maria," August 16, 1864; 1 item.
20 32 Turner, H.H.; letter from Turner, perhaps of the Pennsylvania Infantry, to "Dear Uncle and Friends," October 3, 1862; 1 item. Turner and his fellow soldiers are stationed "In Camp on Antietam Creek Six Miles from Harpers Ferry," and are probably engaged in the defense of Washington from Confederate advances through Maryland. Turner hopes that "the late victory in this vicinity" [the Battle of Antietam] will "be followed by other and more glorious successes til Rebellion is chased from the face of our fair land and Peace return again to bless us." He tells something of camp life and of a grand military review by "His Excellency the President" [Abraham Lincoln], General Ambrose Everett Burnside, and General George Brinton McClellan.
23 31 Unidentified ledger, Morris Township, Pennsylvania, 1847-1892
20 34 Unidentified letters, 1862-1864; letters written during the Civil War by soldiers or civilians; 3 items.
OP11 - United States, Army, Colored Infantry Regiment, 9th (1863-1866), Company B, muster roll, Captain Haskell M. Phelps, October 31-December 31, 1864
20 35 United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 38th (1864-1867); records, 1864-1865; 12 items. Most documents pertain to the entire regiment and include a general order (January 12, 1864), supply invoices (October 1, 1864 and March 3, 1865), a declaration of lost articles (October 31, 1864), an inventory of unserviceable stores (November 10, 1864), a receipt of stores (November 27, 1864), a monthly return of clothing and equipment (November 30, 1864) and an abstract of expenditures (1864, 4th quarter). Those records pertaining to individuals are three special orders, and a pay and clothing account list.
OP31 - United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 49th (1864-1866), muster roll, Captain James P. Hall, December 31, 1864-February 28, 1865
OP12 - United States. Army. Colored Infantry Regiment, 100th (1864-1866), records, 1864; 1 item. Receipt roll of clothing issued to non-commissioned officers, musicians and privates in the month of July, 1864
23 34 United States. Army. Colored troops enlistment record, John Rudd, Kentucky, June 2, 1864
OP29 1 United States. Army. Fourth Regiment of Artillery. Company A. muster roll and pay roll, June 30, 1858
20 36 United States. Army. Kansas Colored Volunteer Infantry, 2nd (1863-1864); records, 1863, 3 items. "Volunteer Enlistment" agreements for three Georgia African Americans enlisting in the Union Army at Fort Smith, Arkansas, September and October, 1863. The three men, George Wallace of Madison County, Georgia, Henry Whittle of Washington County, Georgia, and William Anderson Brazelton of Jackson County, Georgia, were apparently mustered into the 2nd Kansas Infantry Regiment, which became the 83rd Colored Infantry Regiment on December 13, 1864.
20 37 United States. Army. New Hampshire Infantry Regiment, 8th (1861-1864); photocopies of military documents: invoices, general orders, and lists of quartermaster's stores, 1862-1865; 8 items. Designation of regiment changed to 2nd New Hampshire Cavalry in December, 1863.
23 32 United States Christian Commission, Philadelphia, letter of invitation, April 30, 1864
20 38 United States War Department; Adjutant General's Office; Special Orders, 3 items. These Special Orders give discharges to three members of the 20th Michigan Infantry Regiment. Order of November 4, 1864, is a handwritten copy with notes. Orders of November 8 and 18, 1864, printed with handwritten notes, discharge two members of the 20th Michigan Infantry Regiment to allow them to accept appointment in the U. S. Colored Troops.
20 39 Willis, Samuel C.; photocopy of letter from Willis (Front Royal, Virginia) to A. L. Cook, 1864; 1 item. Willis had been a member of the 1st Rhode Island Cavalry and had witnessed the killing of some of Mosby's Rangers at Front Royal on September 23, 1864. He writes to speak of the bravery of the men and the injustice done in their murders.
20 40 Wilson, Joseph; photocopy of letter from Wilson (Camp Sumter, Andersonville Prison, Georgia) to his wife, July 21, 1864; 1 item. He writes of the terrible conditions and the numerous deaths in the prison. Attached is a note saying that Wilson died in Andersonville and that a clock was to be raffled for the benefit of his wife and children.
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