CLEAVER, KATHLEEN.
Kathleen Cleaver papers, 1900-2019 (bulk: 1960-2019)

Emory University

Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library

Atlanta, GA 30322

404-727-6887

rose.library@emory.edu

Permanent link: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/vdvr9

Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Cleaver, Kathleen.
Title: Kathleen Cleaver papers, 1900-2019 (bulk: 1960-2019)
Call Number:Manuscript Collection No. 1497
Extent: 121.5 linear feet (116 boxes)
Abstract:Papers of African American activist and lawyer, Kathleen Cleaver, including photographs, printed material, audiovisual and born digital material, books and periodicals, writings, subject files, and correspondence.
Language:Materials entirely in English.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Special restrictions apply: Collection stored off-site. Researchers must contact the Rose Library in advance to access this collection.

Use copies have not been made for audiovisual material in this collection. Researchers must contact the Rose Library at least two weeks in advance for access to these items. Collection restrictions, copyright limitations, or technical complications may hinder the Rose Library's ability to provide access to audiovisual material.

Researchers must contact the Rose Library in advance for access to unprocessed born digital materials in this collection. Collection restrictions, copyright limitations, or technical complications may hinder the Rose Library's ability to provide access to unprocessed born digital materials.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.

Related Materials in Other Repositories

Eldridge Cleaver Papers, The Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley.

Source

A portion of this collection was a gift of Jojuyounghi Cleaver, and a portion of this collection was purchased from Kathleen Cleaver, 2020.

Custodial History

Jojuyounghi Cleaver is the daughter of Kathleen Cleaver. Rose Library staff packed the collection at Kathleen Cleaver's home and transferred it to the library.

Citation

[after identification of item(s)], Kathleen Cleaver papers, Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University.

Appraisal Note

Curator of African American Collections, Pellom McDaniels, III, acquired the collection as part of the Rose Library's holdings in Civil Rights and Post-Civil Rights Movements history. Archivists have retained all material received with the collection.

Processing

Arranged and described at the collection level by Meaghan O'Riordan, March 2020.


Collection Description

Biographical Note

Kathleen Neal Cleaver (1945-) was born in Dallas, Texas, to activists. In 1948, Cleaver's father, Ernest Neal, accepted a job as the director of the Rural Life Council of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. In 1954, Ernest joined the Foreign Service. The family moved abroad and lived in such countries as India, Liberia, Sierra Leone, and the Philippines. They returned to the United States after Cleaver's brother died from leukemia.

Cleaver graduated from George School, a Quaker boarding school in Newton, Pennsylvania, in 1963. She continued her education at Oberlin College (Ohio) and later transferred to Barnard College (New York, New York). In 1966, she left college for a secretarial job with the New York office of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) after her friend from childhood, Sammy Younge, was murdered by white supremacists.

At a student conference at Fisk University (Nashville, Tennessee), Cleaver met the Minister of Information for the Black Panther Party, Eldridge Cleaver (1935-1998), a speaker at the conference. Kathleen moved to San Francisco, California, in November 1967 to join the Black Panther Party and married Eldridge in December that same year. Cleaver became the Communications Secretary and the first female member of the Party's decision-making body, the Central Committee. She organized the national campaign to free the Party's Minister of Defense, Huey Newton, who was jailed and charged for killing an Oakland (California) police officer.

In 1968, Eldridge Cleaver was charged with attempted murder after a shootout with Oakland police officers, during which fellow Black Party Panther member Bobby Hutton was killed. He fled to Cuba and later Algeria. Kathleen reunited with Eldridge in Algeria in 1969 and gave birth to their son, Ahmad Maceo (1969-2018). In 1970 in North Korea, she gave birth to their daughter, Jojuyounghi Cleaver.

Kathleen Cleaver attended Yale University (New Haven, Connecticut) from 1981-1984, completing a Bachelor of Arts in history. In 1987, she divorced Eldridge Cleaver. She continued her education at Yale Law School, earning a J.D. in 1989. After graduating, Cleaver worked for the law firm of Carvath, Swaine & Moore (New York, New York). Later, she served as a law clerk in the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She served as a faculty member at several different colleges and law schools, including the Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law (New York New York), the Graduate School of Yale University (New Haven, Connecticut), and Sarah Lawrence College (Yonkers, New York). Cleaver joined the faculty at Emory University School of Law (Atlanta, Georgia) in 1992. In addition to her teaching career, she continued her work as an activist for prison reform, including freedom for death-row inmate Mumia Abu-Jamal and habeas corpus for Geronimo Pratt.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of the papers of African American activist and lawyer, Kathleen Cleaver, and includes photographs, printed material, audiovisual and born digital material, books and periodicals, writings, subject files, and correspondence. It includes extensive files documenting her speaking engagements and activism, and manuscript drafts of her unpublished memoir, Memories of Love & War. The collection also contains internal documentation on the Black Panther Party's activities, including material relating to the International Section. Also included are a significant number of photographs, including family photographs with Eldridge Cleaver and their children, and a number of photographs of Black Panther activities and associates. Audiovisual material includes films from the time that Kathleen and Eldridge spent in Algeria in the 1970s, as well as speeches, lectures, and interviews by notable civil rights figures, such as Malcolm X, Bobby Seale, Huey Newton, Fred Hampton, Stokely Carmichael, and Robert F. Williams.

Arrangement Note

Arranged by record type. Items remain in original physical order but are arranged alphabetically by type in the container list to facilitate access.


Selected Search Terms

Personal Names

Corporate Names

Topical Terms

Geographic Names

Form/Genre Terms

Occupation


Container List

Box Folder Content
48 - Address books, circa 1968-2016
51 - Address books and notebooks, undated
50 - Audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes [7], circa 1965-2010
41 - Audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes [83], circa 1980s-1990s
66 - Audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes, DVD, and CDs, 1960-2000
55 - Audiovisual material, audiocassettes [25], DVDs [7], and videocassette tapes [14], 1993-2006
48 - Audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes [14], microcassette tape [1], and reel-to-reel tapes [10], circa, 1968-2016
54 - Audiovisual material, DVDs [1], microcassette tapes [2], and videocassette tapes [19], undated
35 - Audiovisual material, DVDs [10] and videocassette tapes [37], circa 1997
11 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel recorder, undated
15 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes [23], circa 1967-1968
23 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes [35], circa 1967-1968
52 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes [33], 1967-1971
49 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes [41], circa 1968
53 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes [50], 1968-1971
18 - Audiovisual material, reel-to-reel tapes, circa 1970s
30 - Audiovisual material, videocassette tapes [29], circa 1980s-1990s
27 - Audiovisual material, videocassette tapes [40], Eldridge Cleaver, circa 1980s-1990s
98 - Audiovisual material, CD [1] and reel-to-reel tapes [3], and born digital material, floppy disks [30], circa 1966-2003
56 - Audiovisual material, videocassette tapes [20], printed material, and correspondence, 1985-2007
72 - Audiovisual material, audiocassettes, writings, and correspondence, 1960s-1980s
110 - Books, undated
112 - Books, undated
113 - Books, undated
115 - Books, undated
111 - Books and periodicals, undated
114 - Books, periodicals, and Black Panther Party newspapers, undated
50 - Born digital material, CDs [5], circa 2010
48 - Born digital material, floppy disks [75], circa 1968-2016
84 - Correspondence and clippings, 1980-2000
29 - Correspondence and legal papers, circa 2005
13 - Correspondence and notes, 1963-1974
33 - Correspondence and photographs, 2009-2015
21 - Correspondence and printed material, circa 2011
39 - Correspondence and printed material, 2014-2016
38 - Correspondence, printed material, and born digital material, floppy disk [1], circa 2016-2017
83 - Correspondence, printed material, and obituaries, circa 2016
94 - Correspondence, printed material, periodicals, and clippings, 1946-2019
85 - Correspondence, printed material, and photographs, 1960-1980
88 - Correspondence, printed material, and photographs, 1980-1982
82 - Correspondence, printed material, and subject files: Pearl Juette Johnson Neal, 1990-1991
22 - Correspondence and subject files: the Cleaver family, 1996-2005
24 - Correspondence and subject files: Geronimo Pratt, 1996-1997
89 - Correspondence, women’s retreat, subject files, and Black Panther Party tape list, undated
31 - "Events database (box 2 of 3)," 1999-2003

Cleaver organized material related to her speaking engagements in binders labeled "Events database."

45 - "Events database (box 3 of 3)," 2004-2011

Cleaver organized material related to her speaking engagements in binders labeled "Events database."

104 - Greeting cards and subject files, 1979-2015
14 - International Human Rights, Summer Love Policy Study in Rio files and audiovisual material, DVDs [3], 2006-2007
79 - Journals and reading notes in binders, 1963-1997
16 - Legal papers, undated
36 - Legal papers and correspondence, 1970-1977
25 - Legal papers, correspondence, and audiovisual material, videocassette tape [1], 2005-2008
15 - "Media/Communications Database," subject files, printed material, writings, and transcripts, 1995-1997
76 - "Media/Communications Database," subject files, correspondence, and Target Zero, 2000-2005
26 - "Media/Communications Database," subject files, printed material, writings, and transcripts, 2006-2013
32 - "Miscellaneous database," 1947-2007
101 - Notebooks, address books, and printed material, circa 1996
12 - Notes, correspondence, and subject files: the Cleaver family, 1973-1977
1 - Photograph albums, circa 1930s
97 - Photograph album, 1954-1958
109 - Photograph albums, circa 1970-1990
37 - Photograph albums, correspondence, and printed material, 1960-1970
106 - Photograph albums and posters, 1951-1970
46 - Photograph albums and scrapbooks, 1943-1989
43 - Photograph albums and scrapbooks, 1970-1990
40 - Photograph albums and scrapbooks, circa 1985-1987
17 - Photographs, circa 1900s-2000s
5 - Photographs, circa 1920s-1990s
3 - Photographs, circa 1960s-1980s
4 - Photographs, circa 1960s-1990s
19 - Photographs, circa 1980s-2000s
2 - Photographs, family, circa 1980s
20 - Photographs, Neal and Johnson family, circa 1900s-1950s
42 - Photographs, negatives, slides, correspondence, yearbooks, and born digital material, CDs [2], 1947-2003
47 - Photographs, photograph albums, and scrapbooks, circa 1900-2000
116 - Photographs and printed material, circa 1900-2011
108 - Posters, 1997-2011
7 - Printed material, 1964-1975
100 - Printed material, 1993-2009
99 - Printed material and audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes [3], 1995-2005
107 - Printed material and photographs, circa 2000
57 - Printed material, photographs, correspondence, and writings, 1989-2018

Correspondence includes a significant amount written to Dorothy J. (Johnson) Samuel

105 - Printed material and scrapbook, 1972-1996
8 - Printed material and subject files, 1967-1968
98 - Samuel, Dorothy J. (Johnson), photographs, correspondence, and scrapbook, circa 1966-2003
9 - Scrapbooks, 1968-1987
21 - Scrapbook, circa 1980
10 - Scrapbooks, 1984-1991
55 - Slides, circa 1993-2006
50 - Slides, correspondence, and subject files, 1965-2010
44 - Slides photograph albums, and correspondence, 1971-1998
34 - Subject files, 1968-1994
87 - Subject files, 1970-1986
86 - Subject files, 1988-1991
11 - Subject files, conferences, symposiums, and lectures, 1973-1998
102 - Subject files and correspondence, 1987-2012
61 - Subject files, correspondence, and writings, 1969-2013
6 - Subject files: Kathleen Cleaver, printed material, and correspondence, 1977-1998
81 - Subject files, printed material, and clippings, undated
103 - Subject files, printed material, correspondence, and born digital material, floppy disk [1], 1984-2006
62 - Subject files and writings, Target Zero, 1969-2013
96 - Subject files, writings, and clippings, 1966-2007
28 - Teaching files, circa 2006
67 - Writings, and audiovisual material, audiocassette tapes and DVDs, 1960s-2000s
58 - Writings, correspondence, and born digital material, floppy disks and CDs, 1966-2007
93 - Writings, correspondence, and clippings, 1996-2007
70 - Writings, correspondence, and drafts of book chapters, circa 1970s
68 - Writings, correspondence, and subject files, 1960-2016
63 - Writings, correspondence, and subject files, circa 1970s-2013
78 - Writings, correspondence, subject files, and newspaper clippings, 1965-2012
75 - Writings, correspondence, and Target Zero drafts, 1990-2000
90 - Writings by Eldridge Cleaver, correspondence, and clippings, 1968-2011
91 - Writings by Eldridge Cleaver, printed material, clippings, periodicals, and photograph album, 1970-2011
64 - Writings, Eldridge Cleaver and Target Zero, printed material, and born digital material, floppy disks and CDs, undated
73 - Writings, legal documents, and correspondence, about Eldridge Cleaver, 1955-1975
71 - Writings, "Memories of Love and War," project, undated
74 - Writings, “Memories of Love and War,” drafts, undated
77 - Writings, “Memories of Love and War,” and correspondence, 1975-2018
95 - Writings, periodicals, and subject files, 1966-2007
92 - Writings, printed material, and audiovisual material, DVDs [4], CD [1], videocassette tape [1], and mini audiocassette tape [1], 1981-1995
65 - Writings, printed material, correspondence, speeches, and drafts of book chapters, undated
80 - Writings and subject files, circa 1970s-2001
59 - Writings, subject files, and audiocassette tapes regarding Eldridge Cleaver, undated
60 - Writings, subject files, and book prospectus, undated
69 - Writings, subject files, and drafts of book chapters, 1991-2017
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