Subseries 1.1
Earl Browder materials, 1919-1967
Boxes 1 - 5

Scope and Content Note

The subseries consists of materials relating to Earl Browder, General Secretary of the American Communist Party from 1930-1945. Included are transcripts of interviews with Browder; correspondence between Draper and Browder; biographical information; Browder speeches, writings and other correspondence; and records relating to Browder's expulsion from the Party. Many materials in this series were given to Draper by Earl Browder; Browder items photocopied from the Browder Collection at Syracuse are identified.

Arrangement Note

Arranged in rough chronological order by record type.

Draper interviews and correspondence
Box Folder Content
1 1 Indexes to Draper interviews with Earl Browder, 1953-1955, 16 pp., typed
1 2 Notes and excerpts from draft of projected work A Political Autobiography by Earl Browder. No date, 16 pp., typed
1 3 Transcripts of Draper interviews with Browder, 1953-1954: May 19, 1953, 3 pp., typed; June 2, 1953, 6 pp., typed; June 16, 1953, 4 pp., typed; September 29, 1953, 2 pp., typed; May 4, 1954, 3 pp., typed; and October 22, 1954, 5 pp., typed
1 4 Transcript of Draper interview with Browder, June 15, 1955, 20 pp., typed, (and copy)
1 5 Memorandum and transcript of Draper interview with Browder, June 23, 1955, 28 pp., typed (and copy)
1 6 Transcript of Draper interview with Browder, June 28, 1955 (side 1 of tape), 47 pp., typed (and copy)
1 7 Transcript of Draper interview with Browder, June 28, 1955 (side 2 of tape,. 44 pp., typed (and copy)
1 8 Transcript of Draper interview with Browder, October 10, 1955, 58 pp., typed (and copy)
1 9 Transcript of Draper interview with Browder, October 12, 1955, 70 pp., typed
1 10 Notes and transcripts of interviews with Browder, 1959, 1965, 1969. March 17, 1959, interview by Draper, 1 p., typed; April 6, 1959 interview by Draper, 1 p., typed; 1965 interview by Joseph Starobin for Columbia Oral History Project, 29 pp., typed (p. 9 missing); February 3, 1969 interview by Draper, 1 p., typed; and March 18, 1969 interview by Draper, 1 p., typed
1 11 Browder interviews, 1969-1970. Notes re: Draper lunch with Browder, March 18, 1969, 1 p., typed. Notes re: Draper interview with Browder, May 11, 1970, 2 pp., typed. Notes re: Browder expulsion, 1 p., typed. Excerpts from Sixth World Congress, July 26, 1928
1 12 Browder miscellaneous. Summer, 1943 report on South America by S.L.M. Barlow, 43 pp., typed. October 6, 1943 letter to editor of New Masses from S. Rayden re editorial on Wendell Wilkie, 6 pp., copy. "The Catholic Clergy's Activity in the Labor Movement," no date, 4pp., typed. "How the Nazis Prepared Their Fifth Column in the United States," [1937?], 6pp., typed. "Memo on Detroit Anti-Labor Agencies," no date, 5 pp., typed. "Jews in America," [no date], 2 pp., typed. "Germans in the United States," no date, 2 pp., typed. The Foreign Born, vol. 2 no. 2, June-July, 1939. J. V. Stalin, "Briefly About Party Issues," April, 1905, 5 pp., typed. Miscellaneous notes from Browder correspondence, 1942-1943
1 13 Memoranda prepared by Browder for Draper. "Relations Between the American Communist Party and the Communist International," November 11, 1955, 40 pp., typed. "Relations Between the Comintern and the American Party," addendum to the memorandum, January 11, 1956, 14 pp., typed
1 14 Browder on Negro question. Notes re conversation with Browder, 1959, 1 p., typed
1 15 Browder on Cannon. 1956 correspondence between Draper and Browder re Cannon's letters published in Fourth International, 1955, 4 letters
1 16 Memorandum prepared by Browder for Draper. "The American Communist Party Under Attack," December 9, 1955, 24 pp., typed
2 1 Browder to Draper. Correspondence between Browder and Draper, 1956-1959, no date, 26 letters
Biographical information
2 2 Browder autobiography. Notes and excerpts from A Political Autobiography by Earl Browder
2 3 Earl Browder. Early period. Excerpt from The Co-Operative Consumer, April, 1917 and notes from "Memoirs of My Early Years," early 1950s
2 4 Browder marriages. June 20, 1937 letter to Political Bureau from Browder re wife Irene, 2 pp., typed (carbon, unsigned) and April 20, 1959 Time clipping
2 5 Browder notes. Notes re 1945 expulsion, 1935-1936 activities. Columbia Oral History Project notes, June 8, 1965
2 6 Browder manuscript. Unfinished memorandum re: projected political autobiography, 2 pp., typed
2 7 Browder-1919. Excerpts from Worker's World, 1919
2 8 Browder inventory. Descriptive inventory of Earl R. Browder papers, Syracuse University, January, 1970
Browder speeches, writings, correspondence
2 9 Browder files - personal. Lists and files of Browder material, 36 pp.
2 10 Kelley re: Browder. Article on Browder by Hubert Kelley for American Magazine, February, 193[?], 12 pp., typed
2 11 Earl Browder [?]. "Where Our Party Stood at the Seventh Convention and Where It Stands Now," 1934, 4 pp., typed
2 12 Browder speech at the funeral of Henri Barbusse, Paris, September 7, 1935, 3 pp., typed
2 13 Browder acceptance speech of Presidential nomination, two drafts, 1936, 9 pp. typed
2 14 "The Presidential Elections in the United States," written by Browder for Communist International, November 13, 1936, 16 pp., typed
2 15 "An Answer to Everett Dean Marchtin," no date, 5 pp., typed
2 16 "The Constitutional Crisis in the United States," no date, 19 pp., typed
2 17 Untitled, on Trotsky, no date, 5 pp., typed
2 18 Communist Party Draft Election Platform, 1936, 10 pp., typed, carbon
2 19 Speech at meeting for Spain, July 19, 1937, 3 pp., typed
2 20 "Issues of the New York City Municipal Elections," radio address, July 29, 1937, 5 pp., typed
2 21 "Revolutionary Background of the U.S. Constitution," August 9, 1937, 18 pp., typed
2 22 "For Progressive Unity in the New York Elections," speech at Brooklyn Velodrome, August 26, 1937, 6 pp., mimeo
2 23 "Concerted Action or Isolation as the Path to Peace," [1937?], 4 pp., typed
2 24 "The Eighteenth Anniversary of the Founding of the Communist Party," radio speech, September 1, 1937, 5 pp., mimeo
2 25 "Threat of Fascism in the Latin American Countries," speech at Park Palace, New York City, October 2, 1937, 6 pp., typed
2 26 Telegram to Associated Press clarifying position vis-a-vis Roosevelt, October 18, 1937, 1 p., typed copy
2 27 "Summing Up the New York Election Issues," speech, October 30, 1937, 9 pp., typed (with holograph changes)
2 28 Message to Trud (Moscow), November 17, 1937, 2 pp., typed
2 29 "Concerted Action or Isolation: Which is the Road to Peace?" February 13, 1938, 10 pp., holograph
2 30 "Lessons of the Moscow Trials," speech at New York Hippodrome, March 18, 1938, 22 pp., typed
2 31 "Communism in Theory and Practice," speech at New York Town Hall, March 24, 1938,16 pp., typed
2 32 "A Communist Message to Catholics," radio address, May 8, [1938?], 7 pp., typed
2 33 Statement to the McNaboe Committee, June 29, 1938, 4 pp., mimeo
2 34 "Which Way for America--Democracy or Fascism?" speech in San Francisco, August 25, 1938, 14 pp., typed
2 35 Speech at Manhattan Oddfellows Temple, Harlem, September 14, 1938, 12 pp., typed.
2 36 "The Elections and the International Situation," radio address, November 1, [1938?], 5 pp., typed
2 37 Speech on the twenty-first anniversary of the Soviet Union, Madison Square Garden, November 14, 1938, 13 pp., typed
2 38 [Speech?] re Soviet-German Non-Aggression Pact; Dies Committee [incomplete], 9 pp., typed
2 39 "Lenin and His Influence in America," written for Pravda, January 12, 1939, 3 pp., typed
2 40 "America and the Communist International," [1939?], 10 pp., typed
2 41 Untitled, re Republican "fifth column," no date, 5 pp., typed
2 42 Questions and answers in lecture at Town Hall, February 27, 1939, 8 pp., typed
2 43 "America's Foreign Policy and the Struggle for World Peace," speech at Brooklyn Academy of Music, April 21, 1939, 13 pp., typed
2 44 "The Communist Writer at the Writers' Congress," remarks, May 16, 1939, 8 pp., typed
2 45 Foreword of Fighting for Peace, June 19, 1939, 7 pp., typed
2 46 "United States and the Soviet Union in World Affairs," speech at Institute of Public Affairs, Charlottesville, Virginia, July 5, 1939, 14 pp., typed
2 47 Press interview, August 23, 1939, 16 pp., typed
2 48 Transcript of radio interview, August 23, 1939, 8 pp., typed
2 49 "Finding the Road to Peace," radio address, August 29, 1939, 5 pp., typed
2 50 Excerpts from speech at C.P. twentieth anniversary meeting, September 1939, 19 pp., typed
2 51 September 8, 1939 telegram to Roger Baldwin, director of American Civil Liberties Union, 1 p., typed
2 52 Transcript of private testimony by Browder before Un-American Activities Committee, March 27, 1939, 37 pp., typed
2 53 Radio address at Symposium of World Fellowship of Faiths, no date, 3 pp., typed
2 54 "On the Election Results," written for New Masses, [1938?], 6 pp., typed
2 55 "Message to Joseph Stalin on His 63rd Birthday," no date, 1 p., typed
3 1 "Youth and the Imperialist War," speech at Y.C.L. meeting, New York, September 28, 1939, 18 pp., typed
3 2 Speech at Yale Peace Council, New Haven, November 28, 1939, 11 pp., typed
3 3 Browder speeches re Moissaye J. Olgin. Remarks at funeral of Moissaye J. Olgin, November 26, 1939, 2 pp., typed. Speech at Olgin Memorial Meeting, Madison Square Garden, December 18, 1939, 10 pp., typed. Speech at Olgin Memorial Meeting, New York, November 23, 1940, 6 pp., typed
3 4 Speech at National Committee, February 17, 1940, 35 pp., typed
3 5 "Have We Free Elections in Pennsylvania?" radio address, October 4, 1940, 6 pp., typed
3 6 "Only the Working Class Can Build a New World," speech at Madison Square Garden, November 3, 1940, 9 pp., typed
3 7 Report to the Special National Convention C.P.U.S.A., New York, November 16, 1940, 16 pp., typed
3 8 "What is the Way Out of the Imperialist War?" speech at Lenin Memorial Meeting, Madison Square Garden, January 13, 1941, 13 pp., typed and handwritten
3 9 "Fiscal Policy in a Planned War Economy," [1941 or 1942?], 12 pp., typed
3 10 "Wallace and Welles Speeches Point Toward People's War Policies Needed for Victory," written for The Worker, June 5, 1942, 4 pp., typed
3 1l "Victory Must Be Won," speech at Madison Square Garden, July 2, 1942, 10 pp., typed
3 12 Speech at New York State Party Nominating Convention, August 30, 1942, 2 drafts, 6 pp., typed
3 13 Speech at Second Front Rally, Union Square, New York, September 24, 1942, 4 pp., typed
3 14 "When Do We Begin to Fight?" speech at Manhattan Center, October 2, 1942, 6 pp., typed
3 15 "Open Second Front Now Rally," speech in Cleveland, October 4, 1942, 13 pp., typed
3 16 Speech at Golden Gate Ballroom, Harlem, October 18, 1942, 7 pp., typed
3 17 Speech for Workers School, October 16, 1942, 12 pp., typed
3 18 Speech at Cleveland Public Auditorium, October 24, 1942, 18 pp., typed
3 19 Speech at Lenin Memorial Meeting, Madison Square Garden, January 11, 1943, 13 pp., typed
3 20 Correspondence, 1942-1943, between Browder and Under Secretary of State Sumner Welles re-release of internees and prisoners in North Africa, 3 letters, 3 pp., typed
3 21 February 15, 1943 letter to Browder from Fred Myers, Public Relations Director of Russian War Relief, Inc. re plans to sponsor a national day of tribute to the Soviets, 1 p., typed
3 22 American Communism. 1943. Questions and answers: U.K. Meeting, February 23, 1943, [Browder material], 12 pp. typed. Notes, August 19, 1943 [Browder material], 4 pp., handwritten
3 23 "Debate: Resolved that Russian Foreign Policy After This War Will be a Threat to the United States," Yale Political Union, March 3, 1943, 2 drafts, 17 pp., typed
3 24 Letter to the editor of New York Times, [May 1943?], 3 pp., typed
3 25 Speech and discussion re need to consolidate the home front against Nazism, June 22, 1943, 18 pp., typed
3 26 Speech on arts and the war, June 23, 1943, 18 pp., typed
3 27 "Should the American Communist Party be Liquidated?" radio speech and discussion, [July 11, 1943?], 2 drafts, 10 pp., typed
3 28 Speech on Party building campaign, [1943?], 11 pp., typed
3 29 "The Carrot and the Club or the Copperhead Cabal," [1943], 5 pp., typed
3 30 Questions and answers, Manhattan Center Meeting, September 2, 1943, 7 pp., typed
3 31 Browder speech in Chicago. "Can We Make 1943 the Decisive Year of the War?" speech in Chicago, September 26, 1943, 14 pp., mimeo. Statement to press, re Chicago speech, 1 p., typed
3 32 Speech at St. George Hotel, Brooklyn, October 5, 1943, 4 pp., typed
3 33 "Nonpartisan Youth Organization Replaces Young Communist League," written for United Press, October 12, 1943, 2 pp., typed
3 34 "Young People Facing the Future," speech at opening of Youth Convention, Manhattan Center, October 15, 1943, 6 pp., typed
3 35 Speech at Bronx Winter Garden, October 20, 1943, 6 pp., typed
3 36 Speech at Philadelphia, October 22, 1943, 9 pp., typed
3 37 "On the 26th Anniversary of Soviet Power and the 10th Anniversary of Soviet-American Diplomatic Relations," [November 1943?], 2 drafts, 8 pp., typed
3 38 Speech at Rakosci Hall, Bridgeport, Connecticut, December 12, 1943, 9 pp., typed
3 39 "Dimitroff, Champion of Democratic Unity," speech at Dimitroff Commemorative Meeting, Carnegie Hall, December 22, 1943, 3 pp., typed
3 40 Browder deposition, 1943, 2 pp., typed
3 41 Speech at Party Builder's Conference, [1944?], 7 pp., typed
3 42 "On the Election Results," [1944?], 3 pp., typed
3 43 Transcript of interview with Australian Consolidated Press, January 12, 1944, 11 pp., typed
3 44 Remarks at memorial meeting for Art Yound, Manhattan Center, January 27, 1944, 3 pp., typed
3 45 Transcript of speech at Boston, February 13, 1944, 12 pp., typed
3 46 "For Victory and a Lasting Peace," written for Liberty Magazine, February 26, 1944, 2 pp., typed.
3 47 Speech at Bronx Winter Garden, February 24, 1944, 7 pp., typed.
3 48 Transcript of Browder interview with Harold Lavine of PM, March 15, 1944, 17 pp., typed.
3 49 Letter, 1944, April 2, from Andre Marty praising Browder's speech of January 1944, 1 p., photocopy.
3 50 Speech in tribute to Jews of the Warsaw Ghetto, Brooklyn, April 20, 1944, 6 pp., typed.
3 51 Extracts from report to the National Convention of the Communist Party, May 20, 1944, 24 pp., typed.
3 52 Press interview, May 22, 1944, 10 pp., typed.
4 1 Radio address re post-war national unity, Station WEAF, May 23, 1944, 2 drafts, 13 pp., typed.
4 2 "Communists in the Public Service," radio address, June 4, 1944, 5 pp., typed.
4 3 Speech and discussion re National Convention of C.P., June 6, 1944, 22 pp., typed.
4 4 Remarks at First Conference of Morning Freiheit Association, Carnegie Hall, September 30, 1944, 2 pp., typed
4 5 "Economic Problems of War and Peace," speech at Symphony Hall, Boston, October 6, 1944, 7 pp., mimeo
4 6 Questions and answers, November 29, 1944, 6 pp., typed
4 7 Speech re expansion of American industrial production and need for post-war economic accord between U.S. and Great Britain, November 29, 1944, 20 pp., typed
4 8 "America's Elections and the Teheran Concord," advance copy of article in Communist, December 1944, 5 pp., mimeo
4 9 Speech at Daily Worker Campaign Dinner, Queens County, December 27, 1944, 6 pp., typed
4 10 Speech endorsing Pete Cacchinone for Brooklyn City Council, January 26, 1945, 8 pp., mimeo
4 11 Letter (March 13, 1945) to Herbert Bayard Swope, treasurer, Wilkie Memorial Building Fund, from Browder, 2 pp., typed
4 12 "V-E Day and the Tasks Ahead," draft resolution for the National Board, [1945?], 8 pp., typed
4 13 Index to special points, arguments, analyses of the writings and speeches of Browder, May 24, 1945 - July 26, 1945, 70 pp., mimeo
4 14 Duclos article (1945). Memorandum of Draper conversation with Earl Browder, April 6, 1959, 1 p., typed
4 15 Tribute to Jacques Roumain, New York, May 24, 1945, 2 pp., typed
4 16 Article on death of Franklin D. Roosevelt for Political Affairs, May 1945, 3 pp., typed
4 17 Testimony before the Committee on Un-American Activities, House of Representatives, September 26, 1945, pp. 1-35
4 18 "Appeal of Earl Browder to the Members of the C.P. U.S.A.," leaflet, February 8, 1946
4 19 [Speech?] re Republican electoral unity, [1946?], 11 pp., typed
4 20 Browder letter (February 15, 1947) to editor of Look, 1 p., mimeo
4 21 Browder memorandum, 1947; Excerpt from memorandum re post-war problems, August 18, 1947, 13 pp., typed.
4 22 "The Postwar Crisis and the 'New Party,"' [1946 or 1947?], 6 pp., typed
4 23 "Parties and Issues in the 1948 Elections: A Brief Review and Analysis," by "Americus," no date, 32 pp., typed
4 24 "World Communism and American Foreign Policy: A Comparison of Marxist Strategy and Tactics After World War I and World War II," [1947 or 1948?], 31 pp., mimeo
4 25 Browder letter, 1948, May 3, re review of World Communism and U.S. Foreign Policy, 7 pp., typed
4 26 Browder on Wallace Movement, 1948. "Further Analysis of the Wallace Movement," August 23, 1948, 12 pp., typed
4 27 Original manuscript of Labor and Socialism in America by "Americus," September 1, 1948, 47 pp., typed
4 28 Browder on "Peace Movement," 1949. "Advice to Uncle Joe," November 19, 1949, 2 pp., typed
4 29 "The Bankruptcy of Fosterism. Part I: State Capitalism and Progress," ms, [1949], 40 pp., typed
4 30 Browder letter, 1949, March 23, to National Committee, C.P.U.S.A., protesting story that he will testify against C.P., 1 p., mimeo
4 31 Browder letter to editor of New York Times re finances of Scottsboro case, September 29, 1950, clipping
4 32 Browder correspondence. Miscellaneous. Excerpts from Browder letter to Europe re use of quotations from Lenin, November 27, 1951, 3 pp., typed; Browder letter, 1953, July 22, to Dr. Frederick Lewis Allan, Harper's magazine, criticizing article by Granville Hicks, 6 pp., typed; Browder letter, 1955, January 15, to Draper, 1 p., TLS
4 33 Copy of court verdict in U.S.A. vs. Earl Russell Browder, March 14, 1951, 7 pp., mimeo
4 34 "The Coming Soviet-German Alliance," April 12, 1952, 15 pp., typed
4 35 "Browder Talks: A Series of Twelve Articles on Communism in America and in the World, and the Problems of Former Communists," 1953, 61 pp., typed
4 36 Browder manuscript "Browder Talks!" article 2 re question of F.B.I. involvement in his expulsion, [1953], 6 pp., typed
4 37 Browder on Borkenau. "Some Problems in the Writing of History (Thoughts Occasioned by Reading of European Communism by Franz Borkenau),"1953, 4 pp., typed
4 38 Browder on "McCarthyism." "McCarthyism - American and Soviet Styles," a series of twelve articles by the former spokesman of the American Communist Party, 1930-1945, 1953, 61 pp., typed
4 39 Browder - Oppenheimer. Browder letter to editor of New York Times re Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, April 29, 1954, clipping
4 40 Weinstock on Browder. Louis Weinstock letter to editor of Daily Worker, December 23, 1954, clipping
5 1 Browder on Dallin. Browder correspondence, 1955-1956, with David J. Dallin re Browder's denial of rumor that he will testify against Communist Party; Elizabeth Bentley's charge of Browder complicity in Soviet espionage, 3 letters
5 2 Browder - Budenz. "In the Matter of Louis F. Budenz," memorandum for W. M. Goldsmith, March 5, 1956, 19 pp., typed
5 3 Browder on Fraina. Browder letter, 1956, April 17, to Draper, 5 pp., TLS
5 4 Anti-Semitism. Earl Browder, "On Anti-Semitism in Soviet Russia," November 3, 1956, 5 pp., TL (with printed version in Midstream)
5 5 "The Crisis in Socialism," November 9, 1956, 11 pp., typed
5 6 Browder on Lenin. Browder letter to editor of New York Times re Soviet intervention in Hungary, January 25, 1957 and clipping
5 7 Mike Wallace interview. Transcript of Mike Wallace interview with Browder on Night Beat, February 26, 1957, 12 pp., mimeo. Article on interview from Daily Worker
5 8 "Socialism in America," an elaboration of the discussion at St. Antony's College, Oxford, December 4, 1958, in the seminar on problems of the history, Daily Worker, February 28, 1957, 24 pp., typed
5 9 Browder on Trade Unions. 3 Chapters from Present Situation of the American Labor Movement: "The United Automobile and Aircraft Workers Union (VAW)," 9 pp., typed. "United Electrical, Radio & Machine Workers Union (VE)," 7 pp., typed. "John L. Lewis and the United Mine Workers," 7 pp., typed.
5 10 Browder on Stalin. Earl Browder, "How Stalin Ruined the American Communist Party," Harper's, March 1960, pp. 45-51. William Z. Foster, "Browder Tries Again to Destroy the Communist Party," Political Affairs, June 1960, pp. 43-48 Political Affairs, June 1960, pp. 43-48
5 11 "Socialism in America," St. Antony's Papers, 1960, pp. 88-104
5 12 "Where Marx Went Wrong," lectures at State College of Iowa, May 16, 1967, 26 pp., mimeo
5 13 Browder manuscript Memorandum on History of the Labor Movement in the U.S. by Philip Foner, no date, 1 p., typed
5 14 "Toward an American Peace Policy," no date, 20 pp., typed
5 15 "As Earl Browder Sees the Future of the Left in America," written for I. F. Stone's Weekly but not printed, no date, clipping
5 16 "The Communist Party and Civil Liberties in the United States," no date, 2 pp., typed
5 17 Reply to questionnaire of Francis I. Nally, news editor, Catholic Chronicle, no date, 4 pp., typed
5 18 "A Dialogue on Marxian Theory Between Two Communist Party Members," no date, 3 pp., typed
5 19 Browder on American Literature. "Memo on the Communist Impact on American Literature, 1930-1943," no date
5 20 Browder manuscript "Keynes, Foster and Marx. Part II: Progress & Socialism," no date
5 21 Browder. Relations with Dewey and Taft. I. F. Stone's Weekly, vol. 2 no. 37, October 18, 1954
5 22 Letter to Draper from Phil [Jaffe?] enclosing Browder memorandum, "'Communist Fronts' in the Years 1930-1945," February 11, 1960, 1 p., ALS and 20 pp., typed
Browder's expulsion
5 23 Browder's expulsion (documents, 1944-1953). Includes correspondence; excerpts from speeches of National Board, C.P.A.; Browder speeches, letters and articles; Browder memorandum for Philip Jaffe, 1947 (23 items)
5 24 Browder's expulsion (documents, 1945). Includes Browder letter to Sharkey (March 31, 1945; Browder remarks (May 21, 22, June, 1945); transcripts of meetings and discussions; Browder speeches (12 items)
5 25 Browder expulsion. - Index to contents of microfilm, May 22, 23; June 2, 17, 18, 19, 20, 1945, 10 pp., typed
5 26 Browder expulsion. Clippings from PM, 1944 and 1945. Photocopies of letters to Washington Star and New York Times re Josephine Truslow Adams and expulsion New York Times re Josephine Truslow Adams and expulsion
5 27 Three clippings (reviews of Browder book and article by Browder)
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