Subseries 1.3
American Communist Party (1919-1929), 1915-1968
Boxes 19 - 22

Scope and Content Note

The subseries consists of research materials collected for Draper's books The Roots of American Communism (1957) and American Communism and Soviet Russia (1960). Included are Draper's ideas, notes and notebooks, as well as subject files containing primary and secondary source material.

Arrangement Note

Arranged by record type.

Notes and source material
Box Folder Content
19 1 Ideas
19 2 Notebooks
19 3 Old notebooks
19 4 Notes, 1915-1922
19 5 Notes, 1915-1922 (Includes notes for structure of Roots of American Communism)
19 6 Notes and excerpts from radical periodicals
19 7 Notes and excerpts from radical periodicals
19 8 Carbons of notes sent to T.D., taken from various library sources
19 9 Source material, 1919-1922. Seven Communist Party leaflets, 1920-1921 [photocopies; Zimmerman material]; Memorandum by Jack Carney, written for Emmett Larkin in 1953; "Jim Larkin['s] Final Visit to Russia," May 1953, 19 pp., photocopy
19 10 Source material for Vol. I. Article by Oakley Johnson (1974) and photocopy of The Communist (April 25, 1920)
19 11 Source material, 1923-1925. Material relating to Labor Party and Farmer-Labor Party, including letter to Draper from Arne Swabeck (May 14, 1956, 4 pp.); letter to "Comrade Ruthenberg," unsigned, December 11, 1923 [Wicks material]; memorandum from minority faction supporting farmer-labor party idea ("A Few Facts Regarding...," no date, 9 pp.); also miscellaneous notes and photocopied printed items
20 1 Source material, 1923-1925. Includes photocopies of "Declaration of Active Members in Present Party Crisis" (5 pp., mimeo., leaflet, circa 1925), "Statement by the New York Group" (5 pp., mimeo, leaflet, circa 1925), and "The Federated Farmer Labor Party and the Workers Party" (6 pp., mimeo, leaflet, circa 1923); other material relating to Farmer-Labor Party idea, including items by and about John Pepper.
20 2 Documentary material, 1925-1927. Report by Bertram Wolfe, September 5, 1925, with Foster, Bedacht, Engdahl, Berman, Bittelman, Browder present, 3 pp., holograph; Miscellaneous photocopied material [some from Zimmerman material].
20 3 Documentary material, 1927-1929. Meeting of Executive Bureau, January 3, 1928. Report of Comrade Browder on American Question. [copied by Draper from the original in possession of Charles S. Zimmerman], 3 pp.; reply of Comrade Browder to questions on his report. 4 pp. typed excerpts., Desk file, 1927-1928, 1 p., typed notes, Minutes of Session of the Presidium of May 14, 1929 (mimeograph), "Appeal to the Comintern, July 10, 1929. On the Last Comintern Address and the Expulsion and Removals Now Taking Place in the Party." Statement by the delegation chosen by the Sixth National Convention of the CPUSA to present the views of the Party Convention to the Executive Committee of the Communist International. Submitted by Benj. Gitlow, Jay Lovestone, William Miller, Tom Myersough, Edward Welsh, Wm. J. White, Bertram D. Wolfe on May 14, 1929. (broadside), Report, August 3, 1929 [Zimmerman material], photocopy, 2 pp, Harry Pollitt, "Lovestone's Lies Exposed; An Answer to the I.L.P. National Council." (7 pp., holograph), "The Struggle Against Trotskyism and the Right Danger;" Declaration by Central Committee of Workers (Communist) Party of America, no date, 4 pp., photocopy [Zimmerman material]
Subject files
20 4 Bedacht, Max, letter. Joseph Zack to Bedacht, June 27, 1927 (photocopy)
20 5 Bedacht, Max (James Marchshall), Bedacht to Executive Committee, Comintern, (ca. 1924); typed copy, 7 pp.
20 6 Bittelman: Northwest orientation, Bittelman article (excerpts) in Workers Monthly, December 1924
20 7 Boudin to H. W. Laidler. Mimeographed letter, June 5, 1917, re Intercollegiate Socialist Society statement (9 pp., incomplete)
20 8 Bridgman raid
20 9 Cannon-Abern-Shachtman statement (October 28, 1928)
20 10 Comintern, memorandum. Draper memorandum on Comintern (2 drafts). Draper correspondence with Marchshall D. Shulman (2 letters, 1959)
20 11 Communist Party, government raids.
20 12 Communist Party history. Harry Wicks, "History of the Communist Party of U.S.A." Outline for District School Philadelphia (34-pp., typed and holograph, no date) obtained from Mrs. Wicks, April 1958]
20 13 Communist Labor Party. Photocopies of newspaper articles, March 29, 1920
20 14 Convention (Chicago), official report, September, 1919
20 15 Corey, Esther interview. Notes from Draper interview with Esther Corey, January 18, 1954 (3 pp., typed)
20 16 Corey, Lewis, Vol. I [see also Fraina, Louis C.]. Draper's correspondence with Esther Corey (12 letters, 1954, 1956-1957); Draper's correspondence re his attempt to obtain records concerning Corey's deportation hearing (12 letters, 1954-1956); Letter to Draper from Bertram Wolfe (January 25, 1954, TLS, 1 p.); Miscellaneous notes, offprints, programs, pamphlets.
20 17 Daily Worker, documents, 1929. [Wicks material]
20 18 Daily Worker, extracts, 1923-1924
20 19 Daily Worker, extracts, 1925-1929
20 20 Debs, Eugene. Clipping
20 21 De Caux, Len correspondence. Draper to De Caux, December 17, 1968
20 22 Dozenberg, Nicholas. Draper correspondence with Ruth Boring, Dozenberg's daughter, 2 letters, 1963-1964
20 23 Farmer-Labor Movement clippings, 1923
20 24 Ferguson: People vs. Ferguson (New York)
20 25 Fortune, "The Deep South Looks Up," 1943
20 26 Fraina, Louis C.
20 27 Freeman on Dinamov
20 28 "Historical Review of the Split in the Socialist Party..." 2 versions (mimeographed) of essay by Communist Labor Party
20 29 "How Not to Criticize the United Front." Essay by Wm. Z. Foster, Phil Aronberg and A. Swabeck, 1924 (?), 6 pp., typed.
20 30 Illustrations: negatives and photographs. Illustrations from Roots of American Communism (11 negatives)
21 1 Interviews, Vols. I and II. Notes and/or transcriptions from interviews with L. E. Katterfield, September 7 and 8, 1956 (29 pp. typed) and Edward Welsh, May 20, 1958 (2 pp. typed); Communist Party membership card for Harry Winitsky; Letter to Central Committee, July 18, 1929, from Herbert Zam (mimeo.)
21 2 Johnson: Controversy with Oakley C. Johnson (1959). Includes memorandum to Philip Jaffe from Earl Browder, March 27, 1959 (6 pp. typed, signed by Browder); Draper manuscript, "Communists and Their History," (8 pp. typed, 1959?); Article from Political Affairs
21 3 Johnson, Jack W. letter (1922). Article, 1967
21 4 Kollontay on America (1917). Photocopy of article, May 1917
21 5 Konikow, Antoinette [Trotskyism]. Obituary
21 6 Left Wing: "Why the Left Wing is Contesting the Primaries." Leaflet issued by left wing section Socialist Party, New York (no date, 1917?)
21 7 Left Wing Caucus, minutes, August 29, 1919 (photocopy)
21 8 Lloyd: People vs. Lloyd (Illinois). Notes on legal case involving William Bross Lloyd (1920)
21 9 Lloyd, William Bross. Biographical notes on Lloyd
21 10 Lovestone group. "Appeal to the Comintern," from delegation from CPUSA, May 14, 1929 (26 pp., photocopy)
21 11 Ludwig, Lore.
21 12 "The Mask is Off." Pamphlet (photocopy) signed American Anarchists Federated Commune Soviets, 1920
21 13 Minnesota material. Correspondence (1923), reports, and essays by H. M. Wicks concerning the Communist Party's activities in Minnesota. Includes three letters to C.E. Ruthenberg from H. M. Wicks (?), August 20 and 22, and September 2, 1923; report of the Steering Committee of The Workers Party of America on work in Minnesota (1923); letter to H. M. Wicks from N. H. Tallentire; letter to C.G. Hathaway (from Wicks?), November 15, 1923; 2 articles by Wicks (typed, both 1924); 1 photocopy report and 1 master's thesis
21 14 Minor, Robert. Copy of early photograph
21 15 Minor-Lenin interview. Clipping
21 16 Miscellaneous extracts
21 17 Morrow, Francis. Clipping re "K-97"
21 18 Nearing, Scott. "What Can the Radical Do?" Photocopy of article, 1923.
21 19 Negro question for Vol. I. Includes: correspondence (1958-1959) on The Crusader and African Blood Brotherhood and background of self-determination for Negroes. Among correspondents are J. P. Cannon, John Hope Franklin, Theodore Burrell, L. D. Reddick, A. Philip Randolph, Olga Corey (45 items)
21 20 Negro question for Vol. I. Notes from Draper interview with W. A. Domingo, January 18, 1958 (5 pp.); Notes from Draper interview with Richard J. Moore, January 15, 1958 (3 pp.); Notes from interview re Frank Crosswaith; Notes from telephone interview with Joel R. Rogers; Notes (from various sources) on African Blood Brotherhood, American Negro Labor Congress, and related topics
21 24 Negro question for Vol. II. Three articles (1928) from Kommunistische Internationale (photocopies)
21 26 New York Call - notes. January 7, 1915 - September 20, 1919 (38 pp., typed)
21 27 New Leader. Notes
21 28 New York Communist. July 21, 1919 (1 p., photocopy)
21 29 Notes and excerpts for Vol. I.
21 30 Nosovitsky. Ruthenberg, "The Story Nosovitsky Didn't Tell," Daily Worker magazine (December 19, 1925), 4 pp., typed
21 31 One Year of Revolution. "One Year of Revolution, Celebrating the First Anniversary of the Founding of the Russian Soviet Republic." Brooklyn, N.Y.: Socialist Publication Society, November 7, 1918, 32 pp.
21 32 Pamphlets - excerpts. Notes from nine Communist International pamphlets
21 33 Pamphlets. Comintern and Profintern materials. Bibliography, (8 pp., typed)
21 34 Pepper, John. "Tasks of the Workers Party at the July 3rd Convention," by Pepper, Workers Party of America, New York Press Service, July 3, 1923. (2 pp., mimeo.)
21 35 Pepper, John. Pepper appeals to C.I., 1924.
21 36 Reed, John. Includes: Correspondence with Granville Hicks (3 letters, 1954) and Angelica Balabanoff (3 letters, 1954); Three issues of Modern Monthly (1936, 1937) with articles about Reed and miscellaneous articles; Biographical notes
22 1 Reed, John. "Fake" issue of The Socialist, May 17, 1919 (photocopy, 4 pp.)
22 2 Reed, John. "John Reed and the Bolsheviks.' B.A. thesis from Harvard, 1960
22 3 Revolutionary Age. "The National Left Wing Conference," July 5, 1919 (2 pp., photocopy)
22 4 Rutgers, S. J. Includes: Correspondence (1954) with S. J. and Bartha E. Rutgers (6 items, May 3-October 2, 1954); "Reports and Communications," by S. J. Rutgers entitled "Meetings with Lenin" [handwritten, in 7 parts]
22 5 Ruthenberg, C.E. "State Executive Committee and Speakers' List," New York Call, July 30, 1912 (3 pp., typed copy)
22 6 Ruthenberg, C.E. Biographical notes; clipping
22 7 Sinclair, Upton. Photocopies of "blurbs" for Jimmie Higgins (1 p.)
22 8 Socialist Propaganda League (SPL). Draper correspondence, 1954, with James Oneal, secretary of Massachusetts Socialist Party, 1916-1917 (2 items); George E. Roewer (5 items); John D. Williams (3 items); and Harry S. Victorson (1 item, from Draper)
22 9 Socialist Propaganda League (SPL).
22 10 Socialist (Ohio) excerpts
22 11 Socialist Party - Local New York. Letter to members of Local New York, May, 1919 (2 pp., photocopy)
22 12 Spolansky material. "Dauntless Daredevils Behind the Red Lines, the Story of K-97," by Jacob Spolansky (no date, 17 pp., typed); Notes from Draper interviews with Spolansky, November 24 (2 pp., typed) and December 20 (2 pp., typed), 1954; "Code" obtained at Bridgman raid, 1922 [from Spolansky]; "Proclamation of the Chicago Regional Committee to the Members of the CP USA..." Report by Spolansky, June 8, 1920 (9 pp., typed carbon), and notes by Draper
22 13 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1923-1924. "American Minutes" (some photocopies, some typed copies)
22 14 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1925. ("American Minutes")
22 15 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1926. ("American Minutes")
22 16 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1927, January-May
22 17 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1927, June-December
23 1 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1928
23 2 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, 1929, no date
23 3 Trade Union Educational League. National Committee. Minutes, no date
23 4 Trade Unions, 1929. "Decision and Resolution on the Dress Makers' Strike," 4 pp.
23 5 Voros, Sandor
23 6 "Vote as You Strike." Leaflet, American Labor Party, 1920 (?) (4 pp.)
23 7 Workers Monthly. Articles by M. J. Olgin and William F. Dunne from Workers Monthly 1926 (photocopies) Workers Monthly 1926 (photocopies)
23 8 Workers Party of America. Second National Convention. Proceedings, N.Y.C., December 24-26, 1922 (mimeograph)
23 9 [Workers Party of America]. 1923 theses: Earl Browder to Draper, July 6, 1956, 1 p. TLS; "Statement on Our Labor Party Policy," by Foster and Cannon (17 pp., photocopy); "Theses on Our Labor Party Policy," summary by Browder (11 pp., photocopy); C.E. Ruthenberg memo re thesis on Labor Party policy, September 10, 1923 (11 pp., typed copy); "Thesis on the Present Economic and Political Situation and the Policy of the Workers Party," by Pepper and Ruthenberg (13 pp., typed copy)
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