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Series 1
Robert Gregory papers, 1774-1810
Box 1

Biographical Note

Robert Gregory was born in Ireland in 1727, the son of Henry Gregory (d. post 1731) and Mary Shawe. Gregory left Ireland at age 19 and went to India as a free merchant. In 1766 he returned to England and settled in Kent with a considerable fortune. He successfully sought a seat in Parliament as a supporter of the Earl of Rockingham in 1768. From 1768-1774 Gregory represented Maidstone, and from 1774-1784 sat as a member from Rochester. He also served as a director of the East India Company from 1769-1778, 1775-1779, and 1780-1782. From April to July 1782 he was chairman of the court of directors, but was forced to resign owing to ill health.

Robert Gregory married Maria Auchmuty, the daughter of an East India Company official. They had three sons; Robert (1754-1814, disinherited 1784), Richard (1761-1839), and William (1766-1840), and one daughter, Margaret. Robert Gregory died in London 1 September 1810. Works consulted in preparing this note include: Namier and Brook, The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754-1790, vol 2 (London 1964); Brian Jenkins, Sir William Gregory of Coole (Gerrards Cross, 1988); and Burke's Irish Family Records, p. 511.

Scope and Content Note

The Robert Gregory papers comprise one box containing correspondence, official documents, and printed material dating from 1774-1810. Most of the material concerns the British East India Company. These include minutes and reports of directors' meetings, treaties with Indian Nabobs, financial papers and correspondence. Among the correspondents is Warren Hastings, First Governor General of India. The collection also includes a printed copy of the 1774 election returns from Rochester, estate records, and a manuscript history of India by Robert Gregory.

Some of Robert Gregory's correspondence is printed in The Correspondence of Edmund Burke. Chicago and Cambridge, 1958-78, and Fort William - India House correspondence and other contemporary papers relating thereto (Public Series). Civil Lines, Delhi, 1949 [DS465.A45]. Additional information may be found in Cobbett's Parliamentary History of England. T.C. Hansard, London 1814, vols. 14-24 [Doc. Center J301.H5]; James Holzman, The Nabobs in England. N.Y. 1926; R.B. MacDowell, Ireland in the Age of Imperialism and Revolution.; W.L. Guttman, The British Political Elite.

Arrangement note

Arranged by record type.

Box Folder Content
1 1 1775-1780
1 2 1782 January-February
1 3 1782 May-1806
1 4 Outgoing 1782-1810
East India Company papers
1 5 MS document: "Summary of Proceedings relative to Rajah Cheyle Sing" 1775 August
1 6 Minutes of Court of Directors meetings, 1779 June 16-September 22
1 7 MS document: "A Brief State of the British Affairs in India" 1780 October 15
1 8 MS document: "References from the Resolution of the Hon'ble House of Commons of 15 May 1782 relative to Mr. [Warren] Hastings and Mr. Hornby & Co."
1 9 MS document: "Treaty of Peace with the Nabob Tippoo Sulaun Bahauder", 1784 (copy)
East India Company: Financial records
1 10 "Account of Sums of Money Given by the Nabob of Arcot for bringing about the Revolution... in 1776"
1 11 Financial reports, Bengal, 1778-1784
1 12 Records of company ships, 1779, 1781, n.d.
1 13 Miscellaneous financial records, 1777-1782
1 14 Miscellaneous East India Co. papers, n.d.
East India Company: Printed Material
1 15 Pamphlets: "Agreement between the East India Co. and Lord Clive" (1770?) List of Directors of East India Co., 1778
1 16 Reports of Directory of East India Company, 1782 April 15, May 18
1 17 Instructions for the Court of Directors East India Co., n.d.
Miscellaneous Personal Papers
1 18 Autograph notebook: "Extracted Accounts of Hindostan [sic] taken from Different Historical Accounts... " 1782
1 19 Estate inventories, n.d.
1 20 Pamphlet: "Poll of Freemen of the City of Rochester", 1774 October 7