GRIFFIN, JOHN A.
John Griffin papers, 1930-1994

Emory University

Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library

Atlanta, GA 30322

404-727-6887

rose.library@emory.edu

Permanent link: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/9ksfn

Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.


Descriptive Summary

Creator: Griffin, John A.
Title: John Griffin papers, 1930-1994
Call Number:Manuscript Collection No. 767
Extent: 60 linear ft. (59 boxes, 2 oversized papers (OH)), and AV Masters: 1 linear foot (1 box)
Abstract:personal and professional papers of John A. Griffin from circa 1930s-1990s. The papers include correspondence, subject files, personal files, arbitration files, organizational records, teaching files from Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, photographs, and audiovisual material.
Language:Materials entirely in English.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Collection stored off-site. Researchers must contact the Rose Library in advance to access this collection.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.

Source

Gift, 1995, with subsequent additions in 2000.

Citation

[after identification of item(s)], John Griffin papers, Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University.

Processing

Unprocessed collection.


Collection Description

Biographical Note

John A. Griffin (1912-1997) educator, labor arbitrator, and civil rights activist, was born in Monroe, Georgia, on July 3, 1912, the son of William Hull Griffin. He received undergraduate and master's degrees from Emory and a doctorate in sociology and agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin.

Griffin, long known as a conciliating figure in race relations, was a founder of the Southern Regional Council, formed in 1944 to bring white and black Southerners together.

Griffin worked at Emory University for fifteen years (1944-1959) as assistant to the president, associate professor of sociology, and creator of the Evening at Emory continuing education program in the 1940s. While at Emory he worked with the Ford Foundation on its study of segregated Southern schools, which is credited with influencing the decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Aside from the Southern Regional Council, he is perhaps best known for research that he helped bring together but, characteristically, never took credit for. While teaching at Emory, he helped organize a Ford Foundation study of the South's segregated schools. This project led to the book The Negro and the Schools by the journalist Harry Ashmore, which is credited with having influenced the Supreme Court when it formulated policies for the desegregation of public schools after the 1954 Brown decision declaring segregation illegal.

He also taught at Georgia Tech and Florida State University. While at Georgia Tech, he began a lengthy career as a part-time labor arbitrator.

He was active in civil rights issues, particularly those affecting education, throughout the 1950's and 1960's. During part of that time he was associate director for conciliation with the United States Community Relations Service, working to resolve volatile racial crises in places like Selma, Alabama; McComb, Mississippi, and Houma, Louisiana.

From 1965 to 1978, he was executive director of the Southern Education Foundation, which supports historically black colleges and universities and other educational programs for disadvantaged youth.

Dr. Griffin's first wife, Wallace Lillard Lyons, died in 1960. He then married the former Anne Ryland Ricks of Atlanta in 1968. He died at Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia on January 25, 1997.

John A. Griffin (1912-1997) educator, labor arbitrator, and civil rights activist, was born in Monroe, Georgia, on July 3, 1912, the son of William Hull Griffin. He received undergraduate and master's degrees from Emory and a doctorate in sociology and agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin.

Griffin, long known as a conciliating figure in race relations, was a founder of the Southern Regional Council, formed in 1944 to bring white and black Southerners together.

Griffin worked at Emory University for fifteen years (1944-1959) as assistant to the president, associate professor of sociology, and creator of the Evening at Emory continuing education program in the 1940s. While at Emory he worked with the Ford Foundation on its study of segregated Southern schools, which is credited with influencing the decision in Brown v. Board of Education. Aside from the Southern Regional Council, he is perhaps best known for research that he helped bring together but, characteristically, never took credit for. While teaching at Emory, he helped organize a Ford Foundation study of the South's segregated schools. This project led to the book The Negro and the Schools by the journalist Harry Ashmore, which is credited with having influenced the Supreme Court when it formulated policies for the desegregation of public schools after the 1954 Brown decision declaring segregation illegal.

He also taught at Georgia Tech and Florida State University. While at Georgia Tech, he began a lengthy career as a part-time labor arbitrator.

He was active in civil rights issues, particularly those affecting education, throughout the 1950's and 1960's. During part of that time he was associate director for conciliation with the United States Community Relations Service, working to resolve volatile racial crises in places like Selma, Alabama; McComb, Mississippi, and Houma, Louisiana.

From 1965 to 1978, he was executive director of the Southern Education Foundation, which supports historically black colleges and universities and other educational programs for disadvantaged youth.

Dr. Griffin's first wife, Wallace Lillard Lyons, died in 1960. He then married the former Anne Ryland Ricks of Atlanta in 1968. He died at Piedmont Hospital in Atlanta, Georgia on January 25, 1997.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of the personal and professional papers of John A. Griffin from circa 1930s-1990s. The papers include correspondence, subject files, personal files, arbitration files, organizational records, teaching files from Emory University and Georgia Institute of Technology, photographs, and audiovisual material. The collection documents his education; career as a professor and as an labor arbitrator; his work with the Southern Regional Council, Wage Stabilization Board, Southeastern Public Education Program of the American Friends Service Committee, Southern Education Foundation and other organizations; and school desegregation.


Selected Search Terms

Corporate Names

Topical Terms

Geographic Names

Form/Genre Terms

Occupation


Container List

Box Folder Content
1 Southern Regional Council, Southeastern Public Education Program, Emory and other organizational work, 1980s-1990s
2 Arbitration cases
3 Southern Education Foundation, 1960s-1970s
4 Wage Stabilization Board expenditures, 1950s
5 Emory University, Wage Stabilization Board, Community Education Service, teaching, 1950s
6 Foundation work, correspondence, boards, 1960s-1970s
7 Teaching at Emory and Georgia Tech, childhood, 1930s-1950s
8 Subject files I, 1960s-1970s (1 of 2)
9 Subject files I, 1960s-1970s (2 of 2)
10 Subject files II, 1970s (1 of 2)
11 Subject files II, 1970s (2 of 2)
12 JAG's education (University of Wisconsin), adult education, 1950s
13 Subject III, 1980s (A-I)
14 Arbitration cases, 1980s
15 JAG's education, early career, foundation work, 1930s-1980s
16 Foundation work, 1970s-1990s
17 JAG's birth certificate copy, foundation work, personal correspondence, arbitration cases
18 Arbitration cases
19 Foundation work
20 Wage Stabilization Board, 1950s
21 Arbitration cases
22 Foundation work and arbitration cases
23 Correspondence
24 JAG's education, foundation work
25 Foundation work, arbitration cases, 1970s-1980s
26 Arbitration cases
27 JAG's address book and unidentified
28 Subject files
29 JAG's address books, daily calendars (1940s-1970s), monthly calendars
30 JAG's unidentified and rolodex
31 JAG's correspondence to be sorted, information about William H. Griffin
32 Foundation work
33 Arbitration cases, 1980s
34 Arbitration cases, 1970s
35 Arbitration cases, 1980s
36 JAG's education, teaching, Emory, Southern Regional Council, community organizations, 1950s
37 Atlanta University Board (1970s), personal correspondence (1960s)
38 JAG's education, early career (1940s), Southern Regional Council (1940s), Atlanta University (1980s), foundation work
39 Arbitration cases, 1970s-1980s
40 Emory alumni (1980s-90s), Southern Regional Council (1980s), Southeastern Public Education Program (1980s), personal correspondence
41 Arbitration cases, 1980s
42 Arbitration cases, continuing education (Emory, Florida State), 1950s
43 Arbitration cases, 1970s-1980s
44 Atlanta University, Southern Regional Council, 1970s-1980s
45 Audiovisual: reel-to-reel audio recordings, VHS tapes, dictaphone recordings
46 Audiovisual: audio cassette tapes (JAG, Popham seminar, interviews, other)
47 William H. Griffin correspondence, personal correspondence, Wage Stabilization Board, 1930s-1960s
48 Arbitration cases, 1980s
49 Photographs, Emory diploma
50 Florida State University, correspondence, writings, Southern Regional Council, pamphlets, 1950s-1960s
51 Correspondence, reports, minutes, arbitration cases, 1970s-1980s
52 Southern Regional Council, Southeastern Public Education Program, subject files, 1970s-1980s
53 Southern Regional Council, subject files, personal/biographical files, 1930s-1980s
54 JAG's personal files, subject files, arbitration cases, notes, 1970s-80s
55 School situation, Atlanta 2000, foundation work, Southern Regional Council, Southern Education Foundation, 1960s-1970s
56 Arbitration cases, fundraising, correspondence, 1980s
57 Foundation work, correspondence, 1960s-1970s
58 Florida State University committee work, correspondence, 1960s, 1980s
59 Florida State University, professional activities, Emory, University of Wisconsin, legal docs, Atlanta University, 1950s-1970s
OP1-2 Oversized papers
AV1 - Dr. John Griffin, Southern Educational Foundation (Director), "The Importance of Maintaining Public Education," Mississippi Council on Human Relations with panel discussion, no date (2 hours, 14 minutes) [original: open reel tape]
AV1 - "Is there a New South?" panel, Claude Sitton, Harold Fleming, Harry Ashmore, John Popham, Ralph McGill, John Griffin (moderator), April 4, 1964 (27:17) [original: open reel tape]
AV1 - "The Importance of Public Education (1 of 3), no date [original: open reel tape]
AV1 - "The Importance of Public Education (2 of 3), no date [original: open reel tape]
AV1 - "The Importance of Public Education (3 of 3), no date [original: open reel tape]
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