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Series 5
Education, 1898-1943
Boxes 15-23, OP 1-2, AV1

Scope and Content Note

Containing correspondence, writings and collected printed material, Series 5 documents Harrison's involvement in progressive education. The series is arranged by type of document. The first section includes her correspondence with others working in the field as well as some of the articles and notes she wrote. Located in this section are also pamphlets about progressive education in general and articles from scattered educational journals. One folder contains articles about nature study, a topic that had fascinated Harrison since her childhood at Fernbank, the family estate outside Atlanta.

Through her interest in educational matters and her role as a journalist reporting on such issues, Harrison collected material about many educational organizations. Such material is located in the second section of Series 5. Sometimes limited to a single convention program for some professional associations, items for others provide substantive information in correspondence, printed material and photographs. The National Education Association is well documented with items dating 1899-1943. The material in this section of the series bulks for the 1920's and 1930's but ranges between 1898-1943. It is arranged alphabetically by organization name.

Another major portion of Series 5 is composed of materials Harrison collected about progressive schools that were being founded around the country during the 1920's and 1930's. This material is arranged alphabetically by the name of the school. Folders may contain correspondence, school bulletins and advertising, and newspaper clippings. Of particular note is the material on Fairhope, Alabama's, School of Organic Education. The folder includes four 1920 lectures by Marietta Johnson.

Three "laboratory schools" drew Harrison's particular interest: a proposed school at Fernbank, the Tallulah Falls Industrial School in north Georgia, and the Out-of-Door School in Sarasota, Florida. The final section of Series 5 contains information about these institutions.

Sometime during Harrison's years at the Georgia State Normal School she began to think about founding a "school-in-the-woods" at the Fernbank estate. The papers show that beginning in 1917, Harrison pursued this goal tenaciously. Between 1917-1941 she corresponded with prominent Atlantans, such as Bishop Warren A. Candler, Thomas Glenn, W. B. Baker and H.W. Cox (all associated with Emory University), with J. R. McCain, president of Agnes Scott College, and with Mrs. Ernest Woodruff. At different times she suggested that the North Avenue Presbyterian School or Lovett School join in establishing the Fernbank School. She also wrote to educators from other parts of the country asking for support and advice. Frank R. Page, headmaster at Utica Country Day School, was prepared in 1927 to come to Atlanta to get the school underway.

When Harrison's father died in 1935, the issue became critical. With the estate in danger of being sold so that the proceeds could be distributed among the heirs, Harrison worked to keep the property intact and the virgin forest preserved. The records of her efforts that in 1939 resulted in a non-profit consortium named Fernbank, Inc., buying the property are included in this section of Series 5. A few records concerning Fernbank and the surrounding Druid Hills property are also located in this portion of Series 5. These items include maps, property plats, and blue prints and are dated 1919-1961. [See Series 1, Personal Papers, Series 2, Correspondence, and Series 8, Photographs, for additional information about Fernbank.]

Harrison involved herself in two other schools that did operate for a number of years. In Tallulah Falls, Georgia, a school for mountain children was founded under the leadership of Passie Fenton Ottley who helped organize the Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs. Emily Harrison and other members of the Harrison family belonged to the women's club federation and thus became personally involved in the school, spending time there and with the pupils' families. This section of Series 5 contains printed material about the Tallulah Falls School as well as a few miscellaneous items. Of more interest is the extensive collection of photographs (some with annotation) of the Tallulah Falls students, their families, and environs. These photographs can be found in Series 8.

During the 1920's Emily and Fanneal Harrison founded and operated a school in Sarasota, Florida. Called the Out-of-Door School, the institution existed for several years although Emily Harrison's part in its operation occurred primarily in 1924-1926. The material about the school includes correspondence, school bulletins and descriptions, student publications and newspaper clippings. A few interesting items are located in the miscellaneous folder including an essay Harrison wrote about a school play the students had produced. A small number of photographs are located in Series 8, Photographs.

Arrangement Note

Arranged by record type, and then in chronolgical order.

Box Folder Content
15 1 Correspondence, 1898-1916
15 2 Correspondence, 1917-1923
15 3 Correspondence, 1924-1937
15 4 Correspondence, 1940-1943
15 5-7 Writings: Articles
15 8-9 Writings: Re new schools
15 10 Writings: Re educational work of Georgia Federation of Women's Clubs
15 11 Notes: Re National Education Association
15 12-13 Notes: Miscellaneous
Printed material
OP1 - Broadside, "Georgia's Choice - Ignorance or Progress" issued by the Citizen's Education Movement, ca. 1922; and Reprint, "Martha Berry: Builder of a Great School," 1938
16 1 Pamphlets, 1917-1923
16 2 Pamphlets, 1924-1939, undated
16 3 Journal: American Teacher, 1928, 1934
16 4 Journal: Childhood Education, 1936, 1939
16 5 Journal: Educational Trends, 1939-1940
16 6 Journal: Educational Trends, (in French), 1920-1928
16 7 Journal: Miscellaneous, 1902, 1920, 1932, 1939
16 8 Journal: New Era in Home and School, 1932
17 1 Journal of Progressive Association, 1924-1926
17 2 Journal of Progressive Association, 1935-1936
17 3 Sargeant's Handbooks: Correspondence, 1922-1927, undated
17 4 Sargeant's Handbooks: Miscellaneous
17 5 Articles on nature study
17 6 Clippings, rural education
17 7 Clippings, progressive education
17 8 Clippings, miscellaneous
17 9 Reading lists, Atlanta
17 10 Reading lists, Georgia
17 11 Lucy Graham Crozier
17 12 Miscellaneous
17 13 "Miss Celeste Parrish," by Elsie Gibbs, 1937
Organizations
18 1 American Association of School Administrators, 1940
18 2 American Federation of Teachers, ca. 1935
18 3 Association for Childhood Education, 1934-1940
18 4 Association of American Colleges, 1932
18 5 Commission on Educational Freedom
18 6 Cooperative Bureau for Women Teachers, 1926
18 7 Educational Advancement Association
18 8 Georgia Education Association, 1918-1934
18 9 Industrial Arts Cooperative Service, 1926-1930
18 10 Institute of Citizenship, 1938-1939
18 11 National Congress of Mothers and Parent-Teacher Associations
18 12 National Association for Nursery Education (formerly National Committee on Nursery Schools), 1929-1933
18 13 National Education Association, 1899-1940 [see Series 8 for photographs of leaders at national conference, Washington, D.C., 1924]
19 1 National Education Association, press releases, speakers' biographies, and abstracts of addresses, 1926, 1929, undated
19 2 National Conference of Church Related Colleges, [1934?]
19 3 National Kindergarten Association
19 4 National Youth Administration of Georgia, 1936
19 5 New Education Fellowship, 1926-1936
19 6 Parent-Teacher Association (and forerunners), 1932-1934
19 7 Parent-Teacher Association, Georgia Branch, 1924-1938
19 8 Progressive Education Association, 1926-1937
19 9 Progressive Education Association, 1938-1940 and undated
19 10 Progressive Education Convention, Cleveland, 1927 [contains abstracts of addresses]
19 11 Progressive Education Conference, St. Louis, 1937 [contains abstracts of addresses]
19 12 Religious Education Association, 1931
19 13 Society for Visual Education, Inc.
19 14 Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools
19 15 Southern Conference for Education and Industry
19 16 Southern Conference on Tomorrow's Children, 1939
19 17 Southern University Conference, 1939
19 18 Miscellaneous and unidentified [contains abstracts of addresses]
Progressive Schools
20 1 Beaver Country Day School, Brookline, Mass., 1934
20 2 Castilleja School, Palo Alto, Ca., 1932-1933
20 3 City and Country School, New York, N.Y., 1919-1920 [contains Harrison notes]
20 4 Cranbrook School, Bloomfield Hills, Mich., 1927, 1931 [contains draft of Harrison plan for Fernbank School]
20 5 Ethical, Cultural School, New York, N.Y., 1927
20 6 Florida University School, Green Cove Spring, Fla., undated
20 7 Francis W. Parker School, Chicago, Ill., 1935-1936
20 8 Massachusetts Bay School, Port Washington, Long Island, N.Y., 1926-1931
20 9 Manumit School, Pauling, N.Y., 1927-1928
20 10 Metairie Park Country Day School, New Orleans, La., 1931-1932
20 11 Montgomery School, Wynnewood, Pa., 1919-1920
20 12 New School for Social Research, New York, N.Y., 1920, 1930 [contains four 1920 lectures by Marietta Johnson]
20 13 Moraine Park School, Dayton, Ohio, 1917-1918
20 14 Peninsula School, Menlo Park, Calif., 1932-1933
20 15 Scarborough School, Scarborough-on-Hudson, N.Y., 1932-1934
20 16 School of Organic Education, Fairhope, Ala., 1920-1922, 1927, 1931, 1937-38 [contains correspondence and four 1920 lectures by Marietta Johnson]
20 17 Shady Hill School, Cambridge, Mass., 1936-1937
21 1 Solebury School, New Hope, Pa., 1932-1934
21 2-3 Utica Country Day School, New Hartford, N.Y., 1919-1927 and undated
21 4 Winbrook, White Plains, N.Y., undated
21 5 Miscellaneous [contains correspondence]
21 6 Progressive Schools in France or England
21 7 Lists of Progressive schools in U.S. and Europe
21 8 Regional: Atlanta, Ga., 1922-1937
21 9 Regional: Georgia, 1906, 1906-1912, 1936-1938
21 10 Camps, 1919, 1934-1937, undated
Fernbank
22 1 Correspondence, 1917-1928
22 2 Correspondence, 1931-1934
22 3 Correspondence, 1936-1937
22 4 Correspondence, 1938-1941, undated
22 5-7 Campaign for Fernbank School records, [1932-1941]
22 8 Lists of potential contributors
22 9 North Avenue Presbyterian School proposed merger, 1933-1937
22 10 Expense records, 1930s and undated
22 11 Property Records, 1912, 1927-1929
22 12 Printed material
22 13 Girl Scouts material, 1933
22 14 Atlanta Bird Club: Correspondence, 1931-1934
22 15 Atlanta Bird Club: Minutes and announcements, ca. 1935
22 16 Atlanta Bird Club: News letters, journals, clippings, 1931-1936
AV1 - Interview with Dr. W.B. Baker, Emily Harrison and Fernbank, 1979 [original: audiocassette]
XOP1 - Plans, plats and maps of Fernbank property, 1919-1961
Out-of-Door School
23 1 Correspondence, 1925-1926, 1938
23 2 Printed material, 1926-1938
23 3 Printed material, undated
23 4 Student publications, 1927-1930
23 5 Clippings
23 6 Miscellaneous
Tallulah Falls School
23 7 Printed material: Clippings
23 8 Miscellaneous [see Series 8 for photographs]
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