As of December 20, 2022, appointments to view special collections material will be required. After making a request, please follow the prompts in Emory’s Special Collections Request System to also make an appointment.

For assistance, please contact us at rose.library@emory.edu or 404-727-6887.

Harrold Brothers records, 1826-1991

Emory University

Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library

Atlanta, GA 30322



Permanent link: http://pid.emory.edu/ark:/25593/crmjz

Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Harrold Brothers.
Title: Harrold Brothers records, 1826-1991
Call Number:Manuscript Collection No. 7
Extent: 215 linear feet (427 boxes), 2 oversized papers folder (OP), and 2148 bound volumes (BV)
Abstract:Records of Harrold Brothers (Americus, Ga.) and its predecessors including business correspondence; papers of Frank P. Harrold; financial records; legal records; family papers; and other records not related to the Harrold family.
Language:Materials entirely in English.

Administrative Information

Restrictions on Access

Collection stored off-site. Researchers must contact the Rose Library in advance to access this collection.

Terms Governing Use and Reproduction

All requests subject to limitations noted in departmental policies on reproduction.


Gift, 1953 with subsequent additions.


[after identification of item(s)], Harrold Brothers records, Stuart A. Rose Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Book Library, Emory University.


Processed by Sarah Gardner and Anne Thomason, 1996-1999.

This finding aid may include language that is offensive or harmful. Please refer to the Rose Library's harmful language statement for more information about why such language may appear and ongoing efforts to remediate racist, ableist, sexist, homophobic, euphemistic and other oppressive language. If you are concerned about language used in this finding aid, please contact us at rose.library@emory.edu.

Collection Description

Biographical Note

Harrold, Johnson and Company (Americus, Ga.), later known as Harrold Brothers, played a significant role in the marketing and supply system of southwestern Georgia. The business began in 1859 when an Americus bank agent, Henry R. Johnson, established a cotton warehouse, then formed a partnership with Uriah B. Harrold (1839-1907), the Georgia representative for a New York firm engaged in trade in the South. Continuing to operate the warehouse, the two men rented a store in which to sell the goods shipped to them by the New York supplier. Thomas Harrold (1814-1887) of New York, Uriah's father, brought his family through the Northern blockade to join them in the summer of 1861.

The firm survived the economic uncertainties of the Civil War and during the years of steadily increasing cotton production that followed, the firm prospered. Its members established peripheral industries - a cotton compress, an oil mill, a brick manufactory, a fertilizer plant, Americus's first power company. The members also invested in real estate, banking, railroads, and manufacturing. Central to al of these endeavors remained the buying, selling, and transporting of cotton and general merchandise (provisions, hardware, machinery, fuel, and building supplies).

In the decades following World War I, the effects of technological changes and the decline of the cotton economy in southwest Georgia, resulted in the closing or selling of the specialized industries. Following the death in 1953 of Frank P. Harrold, Uriah's son and the last surviving partner, the Harrold family sold the central business, Harrold Brothers, and fifteen years later its new owners closed the doors.

Scope and Content Note

The collection consists of the records of Harrold Brothers (Americus, Ga.) and its predecessors from circa 1820-1991. The records include business correspondence; papers of Frank P. Harrold; financial records; legal records, family papers, and other records not related to the Harrold family.

Series 1 contains the business correspondence of the Harrold Brothers and its predecessors. The series is arranged chronologically and has been broken down into five subseries: Subseries 1.1, 1826-1857, contains the correspondence of the Harrolds before they joined forces with the Johnsons. Subseries 1.2, 1858 January - 1867 May, documents the business activities of the first business venture between the Johnsons and the Harrolds, H.R. Johnson and Co. Subseries 1.3, 1867 June -1886 catalogues the business after it changed its name to Harrold, Johnson and Co. in 1867. Subseries 1.4, 1887-1907, is the largest subseries, and chronicles the business after its second name change to Johnson and Harrold. Subseries 1.5, 1908-1964, documents the business after its last name change to Harrold Bros. Interspersed throughout the series is personal correspondence of various members of the Harrold family.

Series 2 contains the personal papers of Frank P. Harrold from 1918-1961. The papers include correspondence and letterbooks.

Series 3 contains the financial records of the Harrold Brothers and its predecessors and contains accounts, bank statements, bills of lading, checks, cotton reports, freight rates, invoices, ledgers, receipts, and tax returns from 1855-1964. The material is arranged in strict chronological order from 1855 through 1891. Beginning in 1892, the Johnson and Harrold Company maintained their records chronologically with a subordinate alphabetical listing. The series is broken down into five subseries. Subseries 3.1, 1855-1857) contains the financial records of various members of the Harrold family before they joined with the Johnsons. Subseries 3.2, 1858-1867 May, includes the financial records of H.R. Johnson and Co. Subseries 3.3, 1867 June - 1886 contains the financial records of Harrold, Johnson and Company. Subseries 3.4 (1886 - 1907) contains the financial records of Johnson and Harrold. Subseries 3.5 (1908-1964) contains the financial records of the Harrold Brothers.

Series 4 contains the legal papers Harrold Brothers and its predecessor as well as various members of the Harrold family. The series is broken into four subseries: (4.1) alphabetical files, (4.2) notes, liens, deeds and titles, (4.3) insurance, and (4.4) tax records.

Series 5 contains the records of other business and individuals not related to Harrold Brothers, its predecessors, or any members of the Harrold family but were nonetheless present in the collection. The series is broken into subseries: (5.1) greeting cards and postcards to Maria Harrold, (5.2) Americus and Harrold family papers, (5.3) Long family papers, (5.4) Catrevas family papers, and (5.5) Lipscomb family papers.

Series 6 contains mostly financial ledgers that are not related to the Harrold family and Series 7 consists of unprocessed additions.

Arrangement Note

Organized into six series: (1) Correspondence, (2) Frank P. Harrold papers, (3) Financial records, (4) Legal papers, (5) Family and community papers, (6) Non-Harrold family records, (7) Unprocessed additions.

Selected Search Terms

Personal Names

Corporate Names

Topical Terms

Geographic Names

Form/Genre Terms

Description of Series