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Series 5
Agriculture and natural resources, 1907-1938
Boxes 56-63

Scope and Content Note

In addition to his work with forest products, Herty made other contributions to the development of markets for Southern agricultural products and natural resources. As a professor of chemistry at the University of North Carolina (1909) he formulated a rapid and simple method for the determination of oil in cottonseed meal, meat, and hulls. He promoted this with great success among cottonseed mill operators. He worked (1924-1932) to obtain protective legislation for American china clay, deposits of which were extensive in his home state of Georgia. As a member (1926-1936) of the Advisory Committee of the U. S. Bureau of Chemistry Color Laboratory, later the Color and Farm Waste Division, he encouraged fundamental chemical research in agriculture by the government.

His most significant contributions were made during the years 1935 through 1938, when he helped to organize the Farm Chemurgic Council (FCC). The council was the result of the Joint Conference of Agriculture, Industry and Science held at Dearborn, Michigan, on May 7 and 8, 1935. Its purpose was to develop industrial markets for farm products. Herty served on the Board of Governors; he chaired the Committee on Cellulose; and he was a member of the Committee on Research. Francis P. Garvan of the Chemical Foundation, Inc., was the first president of the FCC.

Herty was instrumental in persuading the Chemical Foundation to provide funds for a cellulose laboratory at the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Inc. Important studies on the fundamental structure of cotton fibers were done at the Institute. The results encouraged industrial use of cotton. The Cottenseed Oil Determination section contains correspondence concerning his efforts to promote the use of this method among cotton mill operators.

The Georgia Clays section contains papers concerning protective legislation for the American china clay (kaolin) industry. J. M. Mallory, an agent for the Central of Georgia Railway, is a frequent correspondent. Herty also corresponded with Senator Walter George (Georgia) about the situation.

Files relating to Herty's activities as a member of the Advisory Committee to the Color Laboratory and the Color and Farm Waste Division of the U. S. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils are in the next section. Most of the correspondence is with Dr. T. H. Herrick, head of the laboratory. There is also some correspondence with Dr. Marston T. Bogert and Dr. R. Norris Shreve, committee members. The remainder of this section includes general correspondence about agriculture and natural resources and some correspondence about domestic manufacture of corn sugars.

The Farm Chemurgic Council section consists mostly of correspondence with managing director Carl B. Fritsche, research director Dr. Harry E. Barnard, and publicity director Hugh White. There is also some correspondence with Dr. William J. Hale, Dr. Leo Christensen, and various officers of the Chemical Foundation.

Files concerning the Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Inc., contain mostly correspondence with Dr. Wanda K. Farr, the head of cellulose research at the Institute. Other correspondents include Dr. William Crocker, director of the Institute, and Dr. Wayne Sisson. The correspondence deals with the establishment of a cellulose laboratory funded by the Chemical Foundation and with ongoing cellulose research.

Related materials can be found in the following series: Series 3: American Chemical Society; Series 4: Naval Stores, Forestry, Paper and Pulp; Subseries 6.2: Industrial progress and national defense - Papers on Nitrogen & Potash folders; Series 9: Industrial Consultant Work; and Series 15: Photographs.

Cottonseed Oil Determination
Box Folder Content
56 1 Correspondence: 1907
56 2 Correspondence: January-May, 1908
56 3 Correspondence: June, 1908
56 4 Correspondence: July 1-21, l908
56 5 Correspondence: July 22-31, 1908
56 6 Correspondence: August 1-14, 1908
56 7 Correspondence: August 15-31, l908
56 8 Correspondence: September 1-16, 1908
56 9 Correspondence: September 17-30, 1908
56 10 Correspondence: October, 1908
56 11 Correspondence: November-December, l908 and undated
56 12 Correspondence: January-June, 1909
56 13 Correspondence: July-December, 1909 and undated
56 14 Correspondence: 1910-1911
56 15 Correspondence: 1912-1914
56 16 Correspondence: 1915-1916, 1918-1920, 1923
56 17 Cotton Seed Crushers' Association of Alabama. Correspondence: 1908
56 18 Cotton Seed Crushers' Association of Georgia. Correspondence: 1908
57 1 Inter-State Cotton Seed Crushers' Association. Miscellaneous Papers: 1914, 1920
57 2 Society of Cotton Products Analysts. Correspondence: 1911-1919
57 3 American Oil Chemists' Society. Correspondence: 1921-1923, 1926
57 4 Cottonseed Oil. Miscellaneous Papers: 1915-1917, undated
57 5 Cotton Fabric in Road Construction. Paper: undated
57 6 Cotton Pests. United States Department of Agriculture Publications: 1922-1924, 1926-1927, 1929
57 7 Fertilizers and Animal Feeds. Miscellaneous Papers: 1916, 1918-1919
57 8 Flax. U. S. Government Publications: 1916, 1922-1925, 1927, 1929, 1932
57 9 Food Preservatives. Miscellaneous Papers: 1916
57 10 Lime. Miscellaneous Papers: 1930
57 11 Miscellaneous Agricultural Crops and Pests. Papers: 1921, 1925, 1927, 19293 1931, 1935
57 12 Sorghum Industry. United States Department of Agriculture Bulletins: 1890, 1918
57 13 Vegetable Food Oils. Miscellaneous Papers: 1916, 1919-1920, 1929, undated
Georgia Clays
58 1 General Correspondence: 1924-1925
58 2 General Correspondence: 1926-1928
58 3 General Correspondence: January-June, 1929
58 4 General Correspondence: July, 1929
58 5 General Correspondence: August, 1929
58 6 General Correspondence: September, 1929
58 7 General Correspondence: October-December, 1929
58 8 General Correspondence: 1930
58 9 General Correspondence: 1931-1932
59 1 American Ceramic Society. Correspondence: 1925
59 2 American Ceramic Society. Correspondence: 1926
59 3 American Foreign Service Reports on British China Clay Industry: 1923-1924, 1926-1927
59 4 U. S. Bureau of Mines Publications on Clays: 1916, 1925-1927, 1929-1930, 1933, 1937
59 5 Tariff Information: 1921
59 6 Tariff Revision on China Clay (H.R. 2667). Congressional Hearings and Tariff Schedule: 1929
59 7 Tariff Revision on China Clay (H.R. 2667). Congressional Record: 1929
59 8 Tariff Revision on China Clay (H.R. 2667). Congressional Record: 1930
59 9 Excerpts from Chemical Age: 1929
59 10 Miscellaneous Papers: 1925-1926, 1928-1930, 1937, undated
Advisory Committee to the Color Laboratory. U. S. Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Chemistry.
59 11 Correspondence: 1926-1927
Advisory Committee to Color and Farm Waste Division. U. S. Department of Agriculture. Bureau of Chemistry and Soils.
59 12 Correspondence: 1928-1929
59 13 Correspondence: 1930-1931
60 1 Correspondence: 1932-1933
60 2 Correspondence: 1936 [There is no correspondence for the years 1934-1935]
60 3 Miscellaneous Papers: 1932, undated
Agriculture and Natural Resources
60 4 General Correspondence: 1926-1928
60 5 General Correspondence: 1929-19312-1933
Corn Sugar
60 6 Correspondence: 1925-1928, 1931
60 7 Miscellaneous Papers: 1925-1928, undated
Farm Chemurgic Council
60 8 Correspondence: 1935
60 9 Correspondence: January-June, 1936
60 10 Correspondence: July-December, 1936
60 11 Correspondence: January-February, 1937
60 12 Correspondence: March-July, 1937
60 13 National Farm Chemurgic Council. Correspondence: August-December, 1937
61 1 National Farm Chemurgic Council. Correspondence: 1938
61 2 National Farm Chemurgic Council. News Releases: 1937-1938
61 3 Dearborn Conference of Agriculture. Industry and Science. Invitation, Programs and Reports: 1935-1938
61 4 Dearborn Conference of Agriculture. Industry and Science. Proceedings: 1935
61 5 Dearborn Conference of Agriculture, Industry and Science. Proceedings: 1936
61 6 Farm Chemurgic Conference. Programs and Invitations: 1936-1938
61 7 Committee on Permanent Organization. Papers: 1935
61 8 Minutes of Quarterly and Semi-Annual Meetings; 1935, 1937
61 9 Miscellaneous Papers: 1935-1938
61 10 News Releases: 1935-1936
62 1 News Releases: 1937
62 2 Soybean Committee. Papers: 1936-1937
62 3 Radio Script, "Industry Turns to the Soil," broadcast on Farm and Home Hour, National Broadcasting Company, May 25, 1937
62 4 Arkansas Farm. Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1938
62 5 Florida Chemurgic Conference. Miscellaneous Papers: 1937
62 6 Georgia Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1936
62 7 Georgia Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1937
62 8 Georgia Chemurgic Conference. Miscellaneous Papers: 1937
62 9 Gulf Coast Chemurgic Conference and Tung Oil Association of America Correspondence: 1936
62 10 Midwestern Conference of Agriculture, Industry and Science. Miscellaneous Papers: 1937
62 11 Mississippi Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1937
62 12 Oklahoma Farm Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1937-1938
62 13 Oklahoma Farm Chemurgic Conference. Miscellaneous Papers: 1937-1938
62 14 Southern Chemurgic Conference. Correspondence: 1936
62 15 Southern Chemurgic Conference. Miscellaneous Papers: 1936
62 16 Farm Chemurgy. Miscellaneous Papers: 1926, 1935-1936., 1938, undated
Boyce Thompson Institute for Plant Research, Inc. Papers
63 1 Correspondence: 1927, 1935
63 2 Correspondence: January-March., 1936
63 3 Correspondence: April-August, 1936
63 4 Correspondence: September-December, 1936
63 5 Correspondence: January-May, 1937
63 6 Correspondence: June-December, 1937
63 7 Correspondence: 1938
63 8 Financial Papers: 1936-1938
63 9 Dr. Wanda K. Farr. Miscellaneous Papers: 1937, undated
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