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Subseries 6.1
Industrial progress, 1915-1938
Boxes 65-71

Scope and Content Note

The first part of the subseries relates to Herty's involvement in the organization of a National Exposition of Chemical Industries (NECI). The NECI was intended to give the public some idea about the work of industrial chemists, and to encourage financial support for the industry as well as to promote research within it. The 1915 exposition was so successful that it became an annual event. Herty was a member of the Advisory Committee of the NECI from 1915 until his death in 1938. His position was mainly titular after 1922. Correspondents include NECI officials Adrian Naglevoort and Charles Roth, and also various exhibitors.

Herty was involved to a lesser extent with the Southern Exposition (1924-1928). He was a member of an award committee for the best state exhibit. The award was presented by the Manufacturers Record.

The next part of the subseries concerns a census for chemical imports. The threat of a world war underscored the need for reliable current statistical information about chemicals imported by the United States. The Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce (BFDC) of the U. S. Department of Commerce was aware of the problem. It was willing to gather the information but lacked the necessary funds. In 1917, the ACS set up an advisory committee to cooperate with the BFDC in the compilation of a detailed statistical review of chemical imports other than dyestuffs. By the end of June, 1917, the ACS committee, chaired by Herty, had raised the necessary funds ($2000) from American chemical manufacturers. In July an ACS Committee on Statistics of Imports was formed, chaired by Dr. Bernhard C. Hesse. The committee worked with the BFDC on the chemical classification of the imports. The committee was restructured in September, 1918, and became the ACS Committee on Import Statistics; Herty was appointed chairman. Dr. E. R. Pickrell was the official BFDC compiler of the census. The census was published in 1919 as Chemical and Allied Products Used in the United States, Department of Commerce Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce Miscellaneous Series No. 82. Correspondents include members of ACS committees: Dr. J. Merritt Mathews, Dr. Charles Baskerville, Dr. Bernhard C. Hesse; and Department of Commerce Officers E. E. Pratt, B. S. Cutler, and G. B. Roorbach.

Herty first came into contact with the issue of duty-free importation of scientific apparatus and chemicals for American educational institutions in 1915 as ACS president. An embargo on goods from Germany was causing complaints from many colleges and universities which considered American scientific equipment and chemicals inferior. News of the Lusitania disaster shelved the matter temporarily. In 1918 Herty was again dealing with this matter. Representative Isaac Bacharach introduced a bill (H.R. 7785) to repeal section 573 of the Tariff Act of October, 1913. This section granted to educational institutions duty-free import privileges regarding scientific apparatus and chemicals. Herty actively supported the Bacharach bill as a safeguard of and stimulant to American chemical industry.

In addition to Representative Bacharach, Herty corresponded with Representative Joseph W. Fordney, Representative Nicholas Longworth., and Senator James E. Watson about the Bacharach legislation. He also corresponded with American manufacturers of scientific apparatus and chemicals. These included Scientific Materials Company, the Arthur H. Thomas Company, Dr. C. E. K. Mees of Eastman Kodak Company, and Dr. Carl Pfanstiehl of Special Chemicals Company, Inc.

The Chemical Alliance files consist mainly of correspondence from 1918-1922. The Alliance was established in July, 1917, to handle the distribution of imported pyrites. In December, 1917, it took over the work and organization of the Chemical Committee of the National Defense Council. It became an alliance of all the branches of chemical industry designed to deal as one unit with chemical problem caused by the war. It provided contact between the chemical divisions of the War Industries Board and American chemical manufacturers. It was formally closed down in December, 1919. Herty was elected a director at large of the Chemical Alliance in 1919.

Box 72 also contains papers about industrial alcohol. American industrial chemists were hampered in their work by prohibition legislation which failed to recognize the importance of alcohol for industrial use. Herty, Dr. M. C. Whitaker, and Dr. G. D. Rosengarten were appointed ACS representatives to attend a Washington Conference (6-17-20) called by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue to discuss the administration of industrial alcohol legislation and the regulation of its use. Much of the correspondence is with Dr. M. C. Whitaker of the U. S. Industrial Alcohol Company.

Herty was also interested in reforming existing American patent laws. The lack of a "working clause" allowed foreigners to obtain American patents without being obliged to manufacture in the United States or to license Americans to manufacture for them. Also, patent specifications, especially those submitted by foreigners, were often misleading or erroneous. Herty corresponded with Bert Russell, secretary of the Patent Office Society, about improving the efficiency of the U. S. Patent Office. Other correspondents included: James T. Newton, U. S. Patent Office, Dr. K. P. McElroy, Dr. F. R. Eldred, Dr. L. H. Baekeland, Edwin J. Prindle, and Representative John Nollan and Senator George Norris. In 1920 there is correspondence about the Nolan Bill (H.R. 11984) to reorganize and reclassify the Patent Office.

The last section of the subseries relates to Herty's involvement with the Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association (SOCMA). SOCMA was created on October 28, 1921, because American chemical manufacturers realized the necessity of cooperation among themselves in order to insure the permanent establishment of an independent American synthetic organic chemical industry. Herty served as salaried president of the organization from 1921 through 1926, when he left to become advisor to the Chemical Foundation, Inc. As a trade organization, the primary function of the SOCMA was to safeguard the interests of its constituency; Herty was an active proponent of protective legislation for the industry. There is relatively little correspondence apart from correspondence about the SOCMA Committee on the Tariff Situation chaired by Herty (1922). Most of the papers consist of various SWTMA section meeting minutes, chemical import statistics, and new patent lists.

National Exposition of Chemical Industries, 1915-1938
Box Folder Content
64 1 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1915
64 2 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1916
64 3 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1917
64 4 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1918
64 5 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1919
64 6 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1920
64 7 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1921
64 8 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1922
64 9 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1923-1924
64 10 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1925
64 11 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1927, 1929, 1931
64 12 Advisory Committee: Correspondence: 1932-1938
64 13 Miscellaneous Papers: 1916, 1918-1923, 1925, 1927, 1931
Miscellaneous Exposition Papers
65 1 Southern Exposition. Committee on Award of Manufacturers Record Prize for Best State Exhibit. Correspondence: 1924-1925
65 2 Southern Exposition. General Correspondence: 1925-1926, 1928
65 3 Southern Exposition. Miscellaneous Papers: 1925-1927
65 4 National Exposition of Power and Mechanical Engineering. Correspondence: 1923-1925, 1927
65 5 Chemical Equipment Exposition. Correspondence: 1925
Census of Chemical Imports Papers
65 6 Correspondence: 1916
65 7 Correspondence: January-May, 1917
65 8 Correspondence: June-December, 1917
65 9 Correspondence: 1918
65 10 Correspondence: January-April, 1919
65 11 Correspondence: May-June, 1919
65 12 Correspondence: July-November, 1919 and undated
65 13 Correspondence: 1920-1921, 1923
65 14 Miscellaneous Papers: 1919
Duty-Free importation of Scientific Apparatus and Materials
66 1 Correspondence: 1915-1918
66 2 Correspondence: 1919
66 3 Correspondence: January-July, 1920
66 4 Correspondence: August-December, 1920
66 5 Correspondence: January-March, 1921
66 6 Correspondence: April-December, 1921
66 7 Correspondence: 1922, 1928-1929, 1938
66 8 Legislation, Briefs and Congressional Hearings: 1919-1922
66 9 Miscellaneous Papers: 1918-1921, undated
Chemical Alliance, Inc.,
67 1 Correspondence: 1918
67 2 Correspondence: January-June, 1919
67 3 Correspondence: July-December, 1919
67 4 Correspondence: 1920-1922
67 5 Minutes of Meetings of Board of Directors: 1919
67 6 Organization, Charter and By-Laws: 1918
Industrial Alcohol
67 7 Correspondence: 1917, 1919
67 8 Correspondence: January-July, 1920
67 9 Correspondence: August-December, 1920 and undated
67 10 Correspondence: January-May, 1921
67 11 Correspondence: June-November, 1921 and undated
67 12 Miscellaneous Papers: 1906, 1919, 1923, 1927
Patent Reform
67 13 Patent Office Society. Correspondence and Other Papers: 1917-1919, undated
67 14 Correspondence: 1915-1918
67 15 Correspondence: 1919
67 16 Correspondence: 1920-1922
68 1 Legislation and Hearings: 1919-1922, 1924
68 2 U. S. Patent System. Miscellaneous Papers: 1899, 1909, 1921-1922, 1925, undated
68 3 Patent Office of Canada. Papers: 1923
Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association
68 4 General Correspondence: 1921-1922
68 5 General Correspondence: 1923-1926
68 6 General Correspondence: 1927-1931, 1937
68 7 Committee on the Tariff Situation. Correspondence: 1922
68 8 Memorandum (and Exhibits) to the President of the United
68 9 Annual Meeting. Minutes: 1922-1925
68 10 Annual Meeting. Proceedings: 1924-1925
68 11 Annual Report of the President: 1923, 1925
68 12 Financial Survey: 1921-1926
69 1 Board of Governors. Minutes of Meetings: 1921-1922
69 2 Board of Governors. Minutes of Meetings: 1923-1924
69 3 Board of Governors. Minutes of Meetings: 1925-1926
69 4 Legislative Committee of the Whole. Minutes of Meetings: 1922
69 5 Crudes and Intermediates Section. Minutes of Meetings: 1923-1925
69 6 Crudes and Intermediates Section and Fine Organic and Medicinal Chemicals Section. Minutes of Joint Meeting: 1924
69 7 Dyestuffs Section. Minutes of Meetings: 1921-1926
69 8 Fine Organic and Medicinal Chemicals Section. Minutes of Meeting: 1922-1925
69 9 Fine Organic and Medicinal Chemicals Section and Special Chemicals Section. Minutes of Joint Meetings: 1925-1926
69 10 Intermediates Section. Minutes of Meetings: 1925-1926
69 11 Pharmaceutical and Fine Organic Sections. Minutes of Meetings: 1921-1922
69 12 Special Chemicals Section. Minutes of Meetings: 1923-1924
69 13 List of Press References to SOCMA and its Interests: 1923-1924
69 14 Bulletins: 1922-1923
69 15 Bulletins: 1924-1927, 1930-1932
69 16 Special Bulletins: 1922-1926, 1932, 1935
70 1 Manufacturers of Dyes and Other Synthetic Organic Chemicals. List of Products: 1924-1925
70 2 Manufacturers of Dyes and Other Synthetic Organic Chemicals. List of Products: 1926-1927, 1929-1930
70 3 New Patent Lists: 1924-1926
70 4 New Patent Lists: 1930
70 5 New Patent Lists: 1931
70 6 New Patent Lists: 1932
70 7 New Patent Lists: 1933-1935, 1937
71 1 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1925-1926
71 2 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1927
71 3 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1928-1929
71 4 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1930
71 5 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1931-1932
71 6 Imports of Certain Non-coal-tar Synthetic Organic Chemicals. Statistics: 1933 -1935
71 7 Importations of Medicinals, Photographic Developers, Intermediates, and Other Coal-tar Products. Statistics: 1928-1934
71 8 Importations of Synthetic Aromatic Chemicals of Coal-tar Origin. Statistics: 1929-1934
71 9 Coal-tar Dye and Color Imports. Analysis of Statistics: 1928-1934
71 10 Miscellaneous Papers:1922-1924, 1926