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Subseries 6.3
National defense, 1915-1931
Boxes 88-95

Scope and Content Note

Papers concerning Herty's campaign linking the national defense to an independent American chemical industry are in Subseries 6.2, Industrial Progress and National Defense.

As president of the American Chemical Society in 1915 and 1916, Herty was involved in the work of the Naval Consulting Board (NCB) which had been set up to advise the Navy Department on relevant scientific matters. Two ACS representatives served on the NCB. The ACS helped to organize the State Industrial Preparedness Committees which collected data for a NCB survey of American industrial establishments.

As editor of the Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry (1917-1921), Herty mounted a strong campaign for the conservation of platinum which was badly needed for scientific and industrial work related to the war effort. He was aided in his conservation effort by the Women's National League for the Conservation of Platinum, an organization led by Mrs. Ellwood B. (Edith T.) Spear. Editorial support for the movement was also provided by the Manufacturers Record.

Herty was a strong advocate and defender of the Chemical Warfare Service (CWS). His journal editorials continually stressed the value of the CWS and the importance of maintaining it as an independent unit of the Army. In 1918 he offered the use of the journal for publicity to the director of the CWS, Major General W. L. Sibert. In 1919 and 1920, he added a special section to the journal, "Contributions from the Chemical Warfare Service, U.S.A." He fought the Army Reorganization Bill and other attempts to reduce the status and activities of the CWS. He served as a consultant to the CWS and chaired the ACS Committee to Cooperate with the Chemical Warfare Service (1920-1922). He became a close friend of Gen. Amos A. Fries who succeeded Gen. Sibert as head of the CWS. In addition to Sibert and Fries, CWS correspondents include: Maj. Samuel Avery, Col. Marston T. Bogert, Maj. Frederick E. Breithut, Col. Bradley Dewey, Maj. Allen Rogers, and Lt. Charles Roth.

In 1924, Herty was named to the Advisory Board for the Procurement Division of the Chemical Warfare Service on the Second Corps Area. He remained a member until 1927. Herty also became chairman in 1924 of the Executive Board of the United States Chemical Warfare Association (CWA), a grass roots organization to promote camaraderie among CWS active and retired personnel. The CWA was officially disbanded in 1925 after disclosure of improper activities by the CWA secretary, Capt. Frank B. Gorin. Herty took charge of the official records of the organization.

The files in this subseries deal with the Chemical Warfare Service, the United States Chemical Warfare Association, the platinum conservation campaign, and the Naval Consulting Board.

Related material can be found in the following series: Series 3: American Chemical Society; Series 8: The Chemical Foundation, Inc. and Francis P. Garvan; Series 13: Notebooks, Speeches, Writings; and Series 15: Photographs.

Platinum Conservation
Box Folder Content
88 1 General Correspondence: 1917
88 2 General Correspondence: January-June, 1918
88 3 General Correspondence: July-August, 1918
88 4 General Correspondence: September-November, undated, 1918
88 5 General Correspondence: 1919, 1921
88 6 Women's National League for the Conservation of Platinum. Correspondence: 1918-1919
88 7 Platinum Conservation and Manufacturers Record. Correspondence: 1917-1918
88 8 Legislation and Congressional Hearings: 1918
88 9 Miscellaneous Papers: 1917-1918, 1920-1921
Naval Consulting Board Papers
89 1 Naval Consulting Board. Correspondence: 1915
89 2 Naval Consulting Board. Correspondence: January-March, 1916
89 3 Naval Consulting Board. Correspondence: April-September, 1916
89 4 Naval Consulting Board. Correspondence: 1917-1918
89 5 Naval Consulting Board. ACS Nominees for Naval Consulting Board Industrial Preparedness Committee State Directorships. Correspondence: 1916
89 6 U. S. Bureau of Mines. Correspondence: 1917-1919
89 7 U. S. War Department. Correspondence: 1917
Chemical Warfare Service
89 8 Correspondence: 1918
89 9 Correspondence: January-July, 1919
89 10 Correspondence: August-December, 1919
89 11 Correspondence: January-March, 1920
89 12 Correspondence: April-September, 1920
89 13 Correspondence: October-December, 1920
89 14 Correspondence: January-April, 1921
90 1 Correspondence: December, undated, 1921
90 2 Correspondence: 1922-1923
90 3 Correspondence: 1924
90 4 Correspondence: 1925
90 5 Correspondence: 1926
90 6 Correspondence: 1927
90 7 Correspondence: 1928-1931, 1933
90 8 Chemical Warfare. General Correspondence: 1917-1921, 1925, 1927-1929
90 9 Chamberlain Bill (S. 1695). Correspondence: 1917
90 10 Washington Conference on Limitation of Armaments. Correspondence: 1920-1922, 1924-1925
90 11 Geneva Protocol. Correspondence: 1925-1926
90 12 Geneva Protocol. Report on Chemical Warfare in Connection With the Conference for the Control of the International Trade in Arms, Munitions and Implements of War: May-June, 1925
90 13 Geneva Protocol. Miscellaneous Papers: 1925-1926
90 14 Burton Resolution. Correspondence and Other Papers: 1928
91 1 Chemical Warfare Service Consultant. Correspondence: 1920, 1926-1929
91 2 Humane Aspects of Chemical Warfare. Correspondence: 1922, 1925-1926, 1928, 1931
91 3 Peace-Time Uses of Poisonous Gases. Correspondence: 1919, 1921, 1926-1927, 1929, 1931
91 4 Exportation of Arms, Munitions or Implements to Belligerent Nations. Legislation and Congressional Hearings: 1928-1929
91 5 Advisory Board for the Procurement Division of the Chemical Warfare Service on the Second Corps Area. Correspondence: 1924 -1927; 1929-1931
91 6 ACS Committee on Coordination of Chemical Work Within the War Department. Correspondence: 1919
91 7 ACS Committee to Cooperate with Chemical Warfare Service. Correspondence: 1920-1922, 1925
91 8 American Defense Society, Inc. Correspondence and Other Papers: 1915, 1917-1919, 1922-1924, 1926
91 9 League to Enforce Peace. Correspondence: 1918
91 10 National Association for Chemical Defense. Correspondence: 1926 -1929
91 11 National Security League, Inc. Correspondence and Other Papers: 1926-1927
91 12 Women's Disarmament Committee for World Disarmament. Correspondence: 1921, undated
United States Chemical Warfare Association
91 13 Correspondence: 1924
91 14 Correspondence: January-March, 1925
91 15 Correspondence: April-August, 1925
91 16 Correspondence: September, 1925
91 17 Correspondence: October, 1925
91 18 Correspondence: November, 1925
91 19 Correspondence: December, undated, 1925
91 20 Correspondence: 1926-1927
91 21 Bulletins: 1925
91 22 Miscellaneous Papers: 1925
92 1 List of Members. Sectioned Card File
92 2 "Active Members" and "Associate Members." Card File
93 1 List of Members: 1924-1925
93 2 Bank Statements: 1924
93 3 Bank Statements: 1925
93 4 Bills and Receipts: 1924 -1925
93 5 Check Book: 1924-1925
93 6 Ledger: 1924-1925
Chemical Warfare
94 1 Miscellaneous Papers: 1918
94 2 Miscellaneous Papers: 1919
94 3 Miscellaneous Papers: 1920
94 4 Miscellaneous Papers: 1921
94 5 Miscellaneous Papers: 1922-1923
94 6 Miscellaneous Papers: 1924-1925
95 1 Miscellaneous Papers: 1926-1929, 1931
95 2 Miscellaneous Papers: undated
95 3 Reorganization of the Army. Legislation; Congressional Hearings; Senate Committee Print: 1919-1920
95 4 War Department Appropriations and Expenditures. Congressional Report; Legislation: 1921
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