Charles H. Herty papers
> The Chemical Foundation Inc. and Francis P. Garvin

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Series 8
The Chemical Foundation, Inc. and Francis P. Garvin, 1919-1937
Boxes 101-103

Scope and Content Note

An American synthetic organic chemical industry existed on a very limited scale before the first world war. German chemical interests enjoyed a monopoly especially on coal-tar products. This monopoly was painfully evident during the war years. The United States government joined with American chemical manufacturers in an effort to break the economic stranglehold. The Trading With The Enemy Act of October 6, 1917, and its amendments allowed the U. S. Alien Property Custodian to break up German chemical concerns in the United States. The custodian could seize their property and issue licenses to American manufacturers for the use of enemy-owned patents.

In order to expedite this process the Chemical Foundation, Inc. was established in 1919 to put the German chemical patents in trust for the entire American industry. The Foundation purchased the seized patents from the Alien Property Custodian with $250,000 furnished by American chemical interests. The Foundation was eventually intended to serve as a research center. After the preferred stock was redeemed, the free net earnings of the Foundation were to be used to develop and encourage scientific research. Francis P. Garvan, the Alien Property Custodian, became president of the Chemical Foundation.

From 1919 until Garvan's death in 1937, Herty and Garvan, as president of the Foundation, worked together on many aspects of American chemistry. In, the 1920's they fought to establish an independent American synthetic organic chemical industry, and they played an important role in the creation of a National Institute of Health. In the 1930's the Chemical Foundation funded Herty's cellulose research which led to a Southern newsprint paper industry. Garvan and Herty were founding members of the Farm Chemurgic Council which encouraged the development of industrial uses for agricultural products.

During both of these decades they carried out an educational campaign to encourage interest in chemistry and to show to the American public the importance of chemistry in everyday life. The Chemical Foundation provided mass distribution, on a national scale, of relevant literature. Herty served as advisor to the Chemical Foundation during the years 1926-1928.

The first section of the series contains 1918 correspondence about activities of the Alien Property Custodian, at that time A. Mitchell Palmer. Herty criticized the Custodian's management of the Bayer Company in the United States. The remainder of the series contain Chemical Foundation general correspondence, much of it relates to the establishment of an American coal-tar dye industry, and miscellaneous papers concerning the Foundation. The last section contains papers about various honorary dinners for Garvan and also miscellaneous papers concerning Garvan.

Most of Herty's correspondence with Garvan and the Chemical Foundation is arranged according to subject in the other series. More detailed accounts of these activities are in the series descriptions.

Related material can be found in the following series: Series 2: Academic Career, Life at Chapel Hill, Episcopal Church; Series 4: Naval Stores, Forestry, Paper and Pulp; Series 5: Agriculture and Natural Resources; Series 6: Industrial Progress and National Defense; Series 7: Medicine and Health; Series 10: Educational Work; Series 11: Associations and Organizations; and Series 15: Photographs.

Alien Property Custodian
Box Folder Content
101 1 Correspondence: 1918
Chemical Foundation
101 2 General Correspondence: 1919-1920
101 3 General Correspondence: 1921
101 4 General Correspondence: 1922
101 5 General Correspondence: 1923-1924
101 6 General Correspondence: 1925-1926
101 7 General Correspondence: January-April, 1927
101 8 General Correspondence: May-August 1927
101 9 General Correspondence: September-December, 1927
101 10 General Correspondence: January-July, 1928
101 11 General Correspondence: August-December, 1928
102 1 General Correspondence: 1929
102 2 General Correspondence: 1930-1932
102 3 General Correspondence: 1933-1937
102 4 Bulletins: 1920-1921
102 5 The Deserted Village. Nos. 2, 3, 6, 9, 11, 12
102 6 Miscellaneous Papers: 1919, 1921-1922
102 7 Miscellaneous Papers: 1924; 1926; 1930; 1935
Francis P. Garvan. Miscellaneous Papers
103 1 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: February-March, 1924
103 2 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: April 1-5, 1924
103 3 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: April 7-14, 1924
103 4 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: April 15-22, 1924
103 5 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: April 23-30, 1924
103 6 Waldorf-Astoria Testimonial Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: May-October, undated, 1924
103 7 Algonquin Club Dinner for Garvan. Correspondence: 1924
103 8 Boston Chamber of Commerce Luncheon Address by Garvan. Correspondence: 1924
103 9 Francis P. Garvan. Miscellaneous Papers: 1919; 1921; 1924; 1927; 1929; 1932; undated