Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.

Series 3
Boxes 13-22; OP2

Scope and Content Note

This series, the largest and most diverse in the collection, focuses on the Chinese Communists from the early 1930's until their accession to power in 1949, but includes material dating after 1949. Jaffe collected the bulk of these materials when he was editor of China Today (1933-36) and Amerasia (1937-47). The series is divided into three subseries: 3.1, prominent Chinese; 3.2, chronological materials; and 3.3, subject files, including China relief, U.S.-China relations, Sino-Soviet relations, and miscellaneous collected materials.

The subject files on prominent Chinese in Series 3.1 cover both Communists and non-Communists, and contain mainly biographical materials. The file on Mao Tse-tung includes translations of his writings and speeches (from the 1930's to the 1970's), Ulmen's notes on Mao's works and a comparison (1947) by Sir Michael Lindsay of two translations of Mao's "On the New Democracy."

The bulk of the materials in Series 3.2 are divided chronologically into three groups: to 1936, 1937-49, and 1950 to present. The items in these files include numerous published and unpublished original reports by Chinese and western observers (among them, "Asiaticus," Agnes Smedley, and Anna Louise Strong), as well as Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Kuomingtang (KMT) newsletters, and other documents.

The last subseries, 3.3, includes correspondence, newsletters, and reports from several China relief organizations with which Philip and Agnes Jaffe were associated including The China Aid Council, United China Relief, and China Defense League, and INDUSCO (related to the work of the Chinese Industrial Co-operatives). Subseries 3.3 also contains subject files on relations between China and the United States and other collected materials.

Numerous rare items dating from the 1930's and 1940's may be found in this series. Among these are newsletters from the Kiangsi Society (1933) and copies of Mao's early speeches. Jaffe's sources for these materials included sailors, "political people," and others who traveled between China and the U.S. A number of prints of detailed Chinese woodcuts depicting war images during the 1940s given to Jaffe from Agnes Smedley are also located in this series. Perhaps the most valuable portions of this series can be attributed to Jaffe himself: the original notebooks of interviews with Mao Tse-tung, Chou En-lai, Chu Teh and P'o Ku during his trip to Yenan in June 1937. This same trip also produced a large collection of photographs taken by the members of the expedition and by Agnes Smedley. The more than one thousand photographs are located in Series 11.1-3, Photographs; Series 11.4, Currency and Stamps, includes stamps and currency from both the Kiangsi Soviet and Shen-Kan-Ning Border area.

Additional related materials may be found in Series 12, Biographical Note Cards, and Series 13, References and Sources, filed under a particular subject's name. All work published by Jaffe on the Chinese Communists is filed in Series 1, Personal Papers.

Arrangement Note

Organized into three subseries: (3.1) Prominent Chinese, (3.2) Chronological materials, (3.3) Subject files.

Description of Subseries