Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.

Series 4
Japan
Boxes 23-28

Scope and Content Note

This series includes a great number of translations from the Japanese press (most written by Shuji Fuji, a naturalized U.S. citizen living in New York), dispatches and analyses by western observers, releases from the Supreme Commander, Allied Powers (SCAP), a large number of materials on the Japanese Communist Party (JCP), and materials relating to the Richard Sorge spy case. The vast majority of materials date from the period of the American Occupation, 1945-1952.

General materials about post-war Japan begin this series (box 24: 1-4). Materials about the American occupation of Japan include copies of SCAP documents, press releases, clippings, dispatches from Mark Gayn, press translations, background and analysis documents, and reports of various types (boxes 24: 5-25: 13).

The Japanese Communist Party materials (boxes 25: 14 -27: 11) include primarily translations of photocopied or mimeographed reports and statements and translations from the Japanese press; these are arranged by general topic. Nearly all translations were done by Shuji Fuji for Jaffe, many from the journals Vanguard ("Zen-ei") and Current ("Chory-u"). Among the JCP materials are reports on the 4th, 5th, 6th, 8th, and 9th Party Congresses; articles on several JCP leaders including Sanzo Nozaka and Eitaro Noro; and articles outlining JCP positions on various theoretical matters and on more specific areas such as industry and foreign affairs. Extensive runs of The Akahata Bulletin (published beginning in December 1949), published by the Central Committee of the JCP, are filed in Series 13, References and Sources. Some press releases and bulletins from Akahata are included here.

Among the most interesting and potentially most useful items in the series are the typed reports sent to Jaffe by his correspondent in Japan, Hugh Deane (boxes 25 and 26). Over one hundred pages of typed reports, many with corrections by Deane, are included. Reports are part of a numbered series: the first item filed here is No. 2, 8 October 1946; the last is No. 26, 15 October 1947. Topics include Socialist Party convention, labor situation, interviews with Sanzo Nozaka and Katsumi Kikunami, agrarian reform, leftist position and strategy, censorship, the JCP, and many other topics. A large number of Deane's letters and reports for Jaffe are also filed in Series 2, Subject Files on Individuals: Deane, and in Series 5, Other Asian Countries: Korea.

Some collected materials also housed in this series include papers about relations between the United States and Japan (box 27: 12-14). Other collected materials relate to the Sorge spy case (box 28) and include copies of the typed translations of interrogations with notations of from which "consecutive exhibit" they originated. Also present is a report, marked confidential, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives. Related materials include Hugh Deane items in Series 2, Subject Files on Individuals: Deane and in Series 5, Other Asian Countries: Korea; and Mark Gayn items in Series 1, Personal Papers: General Correspondence, in Series 5, Other Asian Countries: Korea, and in Series 14.1, Collected Material: Gayn Correspondence.

Japan, 1930-1945
Box Folder Content
23 1 Analyses, 1930-1945: Japanese political parties and organizations
23 2 Analyses, 1930-1945: Manuscript by Japanese Chief of the Military Affairs Bureau (4 chapters)
23 3 Analyses, 1930-1945: Manuscripts by various Japanese authors (12 items)
23 4-5 Analyses, 1930-1945: Manuscripts by non-Japanese authors (4 items)
23 6 Analyses, 1930-1945: Miscellaneous printed articles re Japan
24 1 Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1945 (4 items; includes pieces by Shuji Fuji)
24 2 Printed materials, 1945-
24 3 Miscellaneous excerpts from the Japanese press in translation, 1945-1950
24 4 Press releases and clippings, 1955 and 1972
American Occupation, 1945-1952: Non-Communist Japanese Leaders
24 5 Autobiographies (2 items)
24 6 Biographies (15 items)
24 7 Press excerpts on the Emperor, 1945-1946
American Occupation, 1945-1952: Japanese Leaders
24 8 Alleged Japanese war criminals, 1945
American Occupation, 1945-1952: Economic Situation
24 9 General articles, 1945-1959
24 10 General clippings, 1945-1948
24 11 Agriculture, 1946-1947 (original article and miscellany)
24 12 Zaibatsu and banks, 1945-1949 (clippings, press translations, etc.)
24 13 Labor: General, 1945-1947 (press translations and western analyses)
24 14 Labor: Unions, 1946-1947 (press translations and western analyses)
24 15 Labor: Strikes, 1945-1947 (clippings and press translations)
24 16 Labor: Yomiuri Company strikes of 1945 and 1946 (6 analyses)
24 17 SCAP reports, 1946
American Occupation, 1945-1952: Political Process
25 1 General articles, 1945-1948
25 2 1946 constitution: Copies and comments
25 3 1946 election: miscellaneous printed materials
25 4 Political parties and leagues, 1945-1947 (articles, translations and western analyses)
25 5 The Socialist-Communist Coalition, 1945-1947 (press translations)
American Occupation, 1945-52: Reports from U.S. Journalists
25 6-7 Hugh Deane numbered reports to Jaffe: October 1946-January 1948 (26 reports)
25 8 Hugh Deane miscellaneous reports to Jaffe: 1947-1950 (12 reports)
25 9 Barnard Rubin columns in Pacific Stars and Stripes, 1945-1946 (clippings)
25 10 Miscellaneous dispatches and notes, 1945-1946 (includes Mark Gayn dispatches)
American Occupation, 1945-1952: Materials Issued by SCAP
25 11 1946 (14 items)
25 12 1947 (4 items)
25 13 Undated (probably 1946-1947) (3 items)
Japanese Communist Party: General Materials
25 14 General history of the Party, 1932-47
25 15 Party Congresses: 4th and 5th, 1945-46
25 16 Party Congresses: 6th, 1948 (2 items)
25 17 Party Congresses: 8th and 9th, 1961 and 1964 (2 items)
25 18 Resolutions from Party Plenums, 1946-1949
25 19 Japanese journal Red Flag, 1947 (nos. 1 (2 copies) and 2)
Japanese Communist Party: Party Leaders and Articles on Theoretical Positions
26 1 Short lists of leaders, December 1945
26 2 Eitaro Noro: Works by and about, 1947 (2 items)
26 3 Sanzo Nozaka: Works written under pseudonym Susumy Okano, 1945 (3 items) 4 works by and about, 1945-49
26 5 Yoshio Shiga controversy: articles by and about, 1948-50 (4 items)
26 6 Expulsion of Nakanishi, 1949; criticism and self-criticism of Nozaka, 1950 [Includes clippings and report from Hugh Deane]
26 7 Theoretical positions: General topics, 1946-50 (11 articles)
26 8 Theoretical positions: General issues related to Japanese capitalism, 1947 (3 articles)
26 9 Theoretical positions: General economic issues; emphasis on "State Monopoly Capitalism."
26 10 "The History of the Controversies of the Democratic Revolution in Japan," 1947 (full translation)
26 11 "History of the Controversies of Japanese Capitalism," 1947 (full translation)
26 12 Economic and political crises, 1949-50 (4 articles)
26 13 Split in the "Capitalist Camp," 1946 (1 article)
26 14 Materials on the Asiatic mode of production (3 items)
Japanese Communist Party; U.S.-Japan Relations; Miscellaneous Collected Materials
27 1 Political parties: Socialist, Liberal, and others, 1945-49
27 2 "We Accuse the Yoshida Government," 1949 (mimeographed booklet, 87 pp.)
27 3 General economic issues, 1945-48
27 4 Trends in different industries, 1946
27 5 Agrarian issues: Land reform, farmers' movement, rural class relations and other topics, 1945-50
27 6 International issues: General, Yugoslavia and Korea, 1946-50
27 7 International issues: Communist China, 1947-49
27 8 Miscellaneous materials from Japanese press, 1945-49
27 9 Akahata, 1945-47: Typed translations (most by Shuji Fuji; 14 items)
27 10 Akahata, 1949-50: English language Bulletin (nos. 1-3, 5-7)
27 11 Akahata, Miscellaneous Bulletins: 1954 and 1959 (2 items)
27 12 U.S.-Japan relations: American Committee for Non-Participation in Japanese Aggression [Includes correspondence, announcements, and minutes of meetings 1938-40]
27 13 U.S. Japan relations: American Committee for Non-Participation in Japanese Aggression (miscellaneous materials)
27 14 U.S. Japan relations: Japanese American Committee for Democracy, correspondence, 1944-45 (5 items)
27 15 Miscellaneous collected materials: Manuscripts and other materials
27 16 Miscellaneous collected materials: Writings; cartoons and poster
Miscellaneous Collected Materials: Richard Sorge Spy Case
28 1 "The Sorge Spy Ring, a Case Study in International Espionage in Far East," 1949 (typescript copy and mimeograph copy)
28 2 Interrogations of the co-conspirators (copies of translated transcripts, 50+ pp.)
28 3 Documentation of Sorge case by General Headquarters, Far East Command, 1949 (interrogations; incomplete set)
28 4 "A Partial Documentation of the Sorge Espionage Case," General Headquarters, Far East Command, 1950 (bound report)
28 5 "Miscellaneous Records, Special Branch, Shanghai Municipal Police," Exhibit no. 32, part I (1950?)
28 6-7 "Miscellaneous Records...," Exhibit no. 32, part II, Sections A and B (1950?)
28 8 "Extracts from an Authentic Translation of the Foreign Affairs Yearbook, Tokyo, 1942," (1950?)
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