JAFFE, PHILIP J. (PHILIP JACOB), 1895-1980.
Philip J. Jaffe papers
> The Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA)

Collection Stored Off-Site

All or portions of this collection are housed off-site. Materials can still be requested but researchers should expect a delay of up to two business days for retrieval.

Series 7
The Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA)
Boxes 35-41; Microfilm Reels 1-3

Scope and Content Note

The materials contained in this series come from two sources: Jaffe himself and Earl Browder. Browder was clearly responsible for giving Jaffe the great majority of the items filed here. Although few of the materials are originals, there are notable exceptions. This series includes Browder's own corrected copies of the stenograms of CPUSA plenums and national board meetings (boxes 35 and 36; also available on microfilm), and a complete run of Browder's short-lived journal, the "Distributors' Guide," which he published from January to April 1946 (Box 41).

The series also contains other Browder-related material (Boxes 37-41) including correspondence with various individuals; copies of some of Browder's attempted autobiographical writings; copies of a wide variety of unpublished works which were written by Browder between the late 1940's and mid-1960's; and materials from several court cases involving Browder. Included here as well are many typed excerpts of Browder's writings which were probably prepared by Gary Ulmen for Jaffe.

Correspondence between Browder and Theodore Draper (box 38, folder 1) concerns Draper's questions about and Browder's recollections of the political situation in Chicago in 1923-1924, and Browder's comments on the first volume of Draper's History of American Communism. Also included is a Browder commentary on Draper's second volume. Other Browder correspondents represented in this file are Jack Murphy (a British labor leader) and Elizabeth Brown (a writer). Correspondence between Jaffe and Browder may be found in Series 1, Personal Papers: Correspondence.

Also in this series are manuscripts of position papers, articles and speeches written by Browder, many of them perhaps prepared for a discussion group that gathered around Browder after his expulsion from the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA) in 1946 (boxes 38-39). This group, consisting of approximately twenty loyal friends and supporters, offered Browder support and apparently originally served as a political base from which Browder could challenge the new leadership of the CPUSA. Agnes and Philip Jaffe were among this group, known as the "Koffee Klatsch." Starting in the late 1940's and continuing through the 1970's (even after Browder's death in 1973), the group met to discuss political issues, often basing their discussion on a position paper written by Browder. Manuscripts filed here and not designated for publication in a particular place or for a specific lecture were probably "discussion papers" written for this purpose. Almost all items are typed carbons; originals are noted.

Book reviews by Browder (box 39) were nearly all written by Jaffe (in the 1960's) and by Jaffe and Ulmen (after 1970). Browder read the final drafts and made few, if any, corrections before signing his name. Drafts of Browder's autobiography, never completed, are included here (box 40) apparently because Jaffe hoped to write a book on Browder and was given much of this material by Browder after his own attempts at autobiography failed. Jaffe apparently interviewed Browder frequently at Browder's home. The bulk of Earl Browder's personal papers is at Syracuse University. A large number of relevant pamphlets are filed in Series 12, Pamphlets and Journals, under CPUSA, Earl Browder, and Anti-CPUSA publications.

Additional Physical Form

Portions of this series (Box 35: folder 4 - Box 36: folder 4) are available on microfilm.

General Materials: History of the Party
Box Folder Content
35 1 General materials, 1923 (?)-1957
35 2a-2b Early history: Materials from Benjamin Gitlow, 1920's [Full copy of this document included in the microfilm series of the Theodore Draper Papers]
35 3 Alexander Bittelman, "A Communist Views America's Future," 1960 (272 pp., mimeographed)
35 4 Pre-plenum meeting of the national committee, March 23, 1939 (original typed stenogram, 45 pp., 2 copies) [Available on microfilm]
35 5a-5b Discussion by CPUSA national committee on the international situation, 14 and 16 September 1939 (stenogram) [Available on microfilm]
35 6a-6c Minutes of a special CPUSA convention, November 16-17, 1940 (450+ pp.) [Available on microfilm]
35 7a-7c Minutes of CPUSA national committee meeting, April 1942 [Available on microfilm]
36 1a-1b Stenogram of CPUSA plenum, January 8, 1944 (ca. 200 pp., corrected carbon) [Available on microfilm]
36 2a-2b Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, February 8, 1944 (ca. 150 pp., corrected carbon) [Available on microfilm]
36 3a-3d Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, May 22-23, 1945 (ca. 250 pp., corrected carbon) [Available on microfilm]
36 4a-4f Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, June 18-20, 1945 (ca. 450 pp., corrected carbon) [Available on microfilm]
36 5 Typed notes on CPUSA Stenograms from meetings, (probably compiled by Ulmen for Jaffe)1939-1940 (ca. 40 pp.)
36 6 Typed notes on CPUSA Stenograms from meetings, (probably compiled by Ulmen for Jaffe)1944-1945 (ca. 25 pp.)
New York State Party
37 1 Official documents, 1959 (2 items)
37 2 Bulletin, "Party Voice," 1955-1958 (11 issues)
CPUSA Leaders
37 3 William Z. Foster
37 4 Gil Green (1 item)
37 5 Miscellaneous articles on CPUSA leadership
37 6 Miscellaneous collected writings, 1946-1948
37 7 Clippings, 1958-1972
37 8 Materials submitted by the CPUSA to the Justice Dept. for use against the Trotskyites, 1941 [trial of the latter under Smith Act]
37 9 Printed materials, 1956-1971 [Includes xerox letter and U.S. government report on the Troyskyites (1971)]
Earl Browder
37 10 General correspondence, 1937-1970 (40 letters)
37 11 Correspondence with Rudy Blum, 1951-54 (33 letters)
37 12 Correspondence with Abe Heller, 1952 and 1959 (11 letters; carbons) [All letters to "A Friend" included with the Heller correspondence in Jaffe's original filing system]
37 13 Correspondence with Daniel Bell, 1956 (4 letters, attached with writings by Browder and Bell)
38 1 Correspondence with Theodore Draper, 1956-1959 (19 letters, and Browder commentary on Draper's work)
38 2 Correspondence with Jack Murphy, 1961-1966 (14 letters)
38 3 Correspondence with Elizabeth Brown, 1954-1964 (11 letters)
38 4 List of Browder publications (excluding books), 1920'2-1952
38 5 Transcripts of Browder radio broadcasts and reprints of articles, 1936-1960
38 6 Clippings about Browder, 1944-1977
38 7 Daily Worker articles on Browder, 1953-1957
38 8 Miniature copies of books and journals, 1943-1944
38 9-10 Jaffe's excerpts from Browder's writings
38 11 Jaffe's excerpts from Browder's writings: organized chronologically, 1919-1942 [Includes loose typed pages of straight excerpts from 1919 and ms., "Earl Browder's Political Thought, 1919-1971," probably written by Ulmen for Jaffe for the 1975 book, The Rise Fall of American Communism]
38 12 Jaffe's excerpts from Browder's writings: organized chronologically, 1944-1971 [Includes the last 60 pages of "Earl Browder's Political Thought"]
38 13 Miscellaneous excerpts on Browder, 1953-1954
38 14 Browder manuscripts, late 1940's, 1951-1952
39 1-2 Manuscripts for articles and speeches: 1953
39 3 Manuscripts for articles and speeches: 1954-1955
39 4 Manuscripts for articles and speeches: 1956-1959
39 5 Manuscripts for articles and speeches: 1960's
39 6 Miscellaneous writings
39 7 Book reviews: Reviews by Browder and of Browder's book; letters to the editor, 1947-1960
39 8 Transcripts of radio interviews, 1953-1957; debates, 1950-1951 and 1961
39 9-12 University lectures: "Marxism and America," 1957 at Rutgers University
39 13 University lectures: General, 1960-1963
39 14 University lectures: General, 1966
39 15 University lectures: General, 1967
40 1 Autobiography: Jaffe's questions, Browder's answers
40 2-3 Autobiography: Ms., "A Political Autobiography"
40 4 Autobiography: Drafts
40 5 Autobiography: Columbia University Oral History Project, 1965 (69 pp., excerpts)
40 6 Jaffe drafts for essays on Browder
40 7 Duclos article in French and English translation, 1945 (photocopies)
40 8 Browder responses to Duclos article, 1945
40 9 Browder appeal against expulsion from the CPUSA, 1946
40 10 Miscellaneous materials on Browder and Duclos by members of the CPUSA, 1945-1948 and 1969
41 1 Court cases: Passport case, 1940
41 2 Court cases: Contempt of Congress, 1951
41 3-4 Court cases: Perjury concerning Raissa Browder's entry in the U.S., 1951-1959
41 5 Court cases: Materials from Browder's appearances before U.S.
41 6 Correspondence re "Distributor's Guide," and "Soviet Book News," vol. 1, no. 1 (3 items)
41 7 "Distributor's Guide," January 5 - March 2, 1946 (6 issues)
41 8 "Distributor's Guide," March 9 - April 27, 1946 (last 8 issues)
41 9 Manuscripts in English by Russians (sent to Browder in role as Soviet publisher's representative), 1948 (?) (9 items)
41 10 Manuscripts in English by Russians, 1948 and 1952 (3 items)
41 11 Manuscripts, notecards, clippings: 1940's - 1950's [Notecards may be Jaffe's or Browder's; some manuscripts by Browder, others are not; 2 cartoons, 1944, included]
MICROFILM
General Materials: History of the Party
MF1 1 Pre-plenum meeting of the national committee, March 23, 1939 (original typed stenogram, 45 pp., 2 copies)
MF1 2 Discussion by CPUSA national committee on the international situation, 14 and 16 September 1939 (stenogram)
MF1 3 Minutes of a special CPUSA convention, November 22-23, 1940 (450+ pp.)
MF1 4 Minutes of CPUSA national committee meeting, April 1942
MF2 1 Minutes of CPUSA national committee meeting, April 1942 (continued)
MF2 2 Stenogram of CPUSA plenum, January 8, 1944 (ca. 200 pp., corrected carbon)
MF2 3 Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, February 8, 1944 (ca. 150 pp., corrected carbon)
MF3 1 Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, February 8, 1944 (ca. 150 pp., corrected carbon) (continued)
MF3 2 Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, May 22-23, 1945 (ca. 250 pp., corrected carbon)
MF3 3 Stenogram of CPUSA national board meeting, June 18-20, 1945 (ca. 450 pp., corrected carbon)
v1.11.0-dev