Frances Freeborn Pauley papers
> United States Department of Health Education and Welfare: Office of Civil Rights files

Series 7
United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare: Office of Civil Rights files, 1945-1977
Boxes 17-31, OP Boxes 1-2, OP 7

Scope and Content Note

The U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW) was renamed the Department of Health and Human Services on 17 October 1979, as part of legislation establishing a separate Department of Education. HEW was created 11 April 1953, as a successor to the Federal Security Agency, which had been set up in 1939 to "administer federal responsibilities in the field of health, education, and social security." The department experienced dramatic expansion during the Kennedy and Johnson administrations, eventually administering more than 200 programs, including: the Public Health Service, the Social Security Administration, Social and Rehabilitation Service, the Office of Human Development, and the Education Division.

In 1964, the Office of Civil Rights was created to enforce the provisions of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VI of the Act stated: "No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance." The Office of Civil Rights was charged with investigating evidence of non-compliance with desegregation in education, employment and other areas.

Series 7 documents Frances Pauley's work for the U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare's (HEW) Office of Civil Rights. As a civil rights specialist, Pauley investigated and mediated very complex civil rights cases. This included planning and conducting complaint investigations and reviews to ascertain compliance with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Investigations and reviews involved meetings with the complainant and the organization, interviewing witnesses, and reviewing records maintained by the institution or organization being investigated. She then served as a negotiator, working to resolve conflicts between parties and preparing reports describing findings and offering recommendations for solutions.

The series includes administrative correspondence, 1967-1981 and no date; statistical and compliance status reports on school desegregation in the Southern region, 1951-1973; public school transfer student sheets for schools in Atlanta and Thomasville, Georgia, 1971-1973; subject files relating to her work with the DeKalb Biracial Committee, 1977-1987, desegregation issues such as busing, court rulings, housing, and public vs. private schools; and clippings, 1950-1984 and no date.

Arrangement Note

Arranged in two subseries: (7.1) General files and (7.2) Collected material.

Description of Subseries